Now showing items 2198-2217 of 11931

  • A decade of EU counter-terrorism and intelligence : a critical assessment 

    Argomaniz, Javier; Bures, Oldrich; Kaunert, Christian (2015) - Journal article
    The article is the centrepiece of a special issue co-edited with Oldrich Bures and Christian Kaunert on the European Union counterterror policies. This work offers a critical evaluation of the EU efforts in this area, its ...
  • Decentralised leadership in contemporary jihadism: towards a global social movement 

    Bartolo, Romain (Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence, University of St Andrews, 2011-05-18) - Journal article
    On October 19th 2003, nearly six months after the outset of the invasion of Iraq by US troops, a video was released by al-Qaeda media arm al-Sahab showing Osama bin Laden directly threatening Spain. In his words, Spain, ...
  • Deciphering satellite observations of compressional ULF waveguide modes 

    Elsden, Tom; Wright, Andrew Nicholas; Hartinger, Michael (2016-04) - Journal article
    We present an analytical method for determining incident and reflection co- efficients for flank ULF compressional waveguide modes in Earth’s magnetosphere. In the flank magnetosphere, compressional waves propagate ...
  • Decision errors, legal uncertainty and welfare : a general treatment 

    Ulph, David Tregear; Katsoulacos, Yannis (University of St Andrews, 2014-02) - Working or discussion paper
    This paper provides a general treatment of the implications for welfare of legal uncertainty. We distinguish legal uncertainty from decision errors: though the former can be influenced by the latter, the latter are neither ...
  • Decision problems for word-hyperbolic semigroups 

    Cain, Alan James; Pfeiffer, Markus Johannes (2016-11-01) - Journal article
    This paper studies decision problems for semigroups that are word-hyperbolic in the sense of Duncan & Gilman. A fundamental investigation reveals that the natural definition of a `word-hyperbolic structure' has to be ...
  • Decision support in addiction: the development of an e-health tool to assess and prevent risk of fatal overdose. The ORION project 

    Baldacchino, A.; Crocamo, C.; Humphris, G.; Neufeind, J.; Frisher, M; Carrà, G (2016-09-01) - Journal article
    Background and Objective. The application of e-health technology to the field of substance use disorders is at a relatively early stage, and methodological quality is still variable. Few have explored the extent of utilization ...
  • Decision-making under risk of loss in children 

    Steelandt, Sophie; Broihanne, Marie-Helene; Romain, Amelie; Thierry, Bernard; Dufour, Valerie (2013-01-09) - Journal article
    In human adults, judgment errors are known to often lead to irrational decision-making in risky contexts. While these errors can affect the accuracy of profit evaluation, they may have once enhanced survival in dangerous ...
  • Decomposition of mutational context signatures using quadratic programming methods 

    Lynch, Andy G. (2016-06-07) - Journal article
    Methods for inferring signatures of mutational contexts from large cancer sequencing data sets are invaluable for biological research, but impractical for clinical application where we require tools that decompose the ...
  • The decomposition of the Faroe-Shetland Channel water masses using Parametric Optimum Multi-Parameter analysis 

    McKenna, C.; Berx, B.; Austin, William (2016-01) - Journal article
    The Faroe-Shetland Channel (FSC) is an important conduit for the poleward flow of Atlantic water towards the Nordic Seas and, as such, it plays an integral part in the Atlantic's thermohaline circulation. Mixing processes ...
  • Decomposition tables for experiments I. A chain of randomizations 

    Brien, C. J.; Bailey, Rosemary Anne (2009-12) - Journal article
    One aspect of evaluating the design for an experiment is the discovery of the relationships between subspaces of the data space. Initially we establish the notation and methods for evaluating an experiment with a single ...
  • Decomposition tables for experiments. II. Two–one randomizations 

    Brien, C. J.; Bailey, Rosemary Anne (2010-10) - Journal article
    We investigate structure for pairs of randomizations that do not follow each other in a chain. These are unrandomized-inclusive, independent, coincident or double randomizations. This involves taking several structures ...
  • Decrypting the crustal evolution of the Mozambique Belt in Malawi 

    Manda, Blackwell Chawala (University of St Andrews, 2016-06-22) - Thesis
    Global paleogeography exerts a first order control on both the deep and surficial components of the Earth system. Temporal and spatial constraints on the Mozambique Belt of Eastern Africa are needed to understand its crustal ...
  • Deep brain stimulation of different pedunculopontine targets in a novel rodent model of parkinsonism 

    Gut, N.K.; Winn, P. (2015-03-25) - Journal article
    The pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus (PPTg) has been proposed as a target for deep brain stimulation (DBS) in parkinsonian patients, particularly for symptoms such as gait and postural difficulties refractory to dopaminergic ...
  • Deep sequencing analysis of defective genomes of parainfluenza virus 5 and their role in interferon induction 

    Killip, M. J.; Young, D. F.; Gatherer, D.; Ross, C. S.; Short, J. A. L.; Davison, A. J.; Goodbourn, S.; Randall, R. E. (2013-05) - Journal article
    Preparations of parainfluenza virus 5 (PIV5) that are potent activators of the interferon (IFN) induction cascade were generated by high-multiplicity passage in order to accumulate defective interfering virus genomes (DIs). ...
  • Deep spectroscopic luminosity function of Abell 85 : no evidence for a steep upturn of the faint-end slope 

    Agulli, I.; Aguerri, J. A. L.; Sanchez-Janssen, R.; Barrena, R.; Diaferio, A.; Serra, A. L.; Mendez Abreu, Jairo (2014-10-11) - Journal article
    We present a new deep determination of the spectroscopic luminosity function (LF) within the virial radius of the nearby and massive Abell 85 (A85) cluster down to the dwarf regime (M* + 6) using Very Large Telescope/Visible ...
  • A deep staring campaign in the σ Orionis cluster. Variability in substellar members 

    Elliott, P.; Scholz, A.; Jayawardhana, R.; Eislöffel, J.; Hébrard, E. M. (2017-12-07) - Journal article
    Context. The young star cluster near σ Orionis is one of the primary environments to study the properties of young brown dwarfs down to masses comparable to those of giant planets. Aims. Deep optical imaging is used to ...
  • Deep water formation in the North Pacific and deglacial CO2 rise 

    Rae, James William Buchanan; Sarnthein, Michael; Foster, Gavin; Ridgwell, Andy; Grootes, Pieter; Elliott, Tim (2014-06) - Journal article
    Deepwater formation in the North Atlantic and Southern Ocean is widely thought to influence deglacial CO2 rise and climate change; here we suggest that deep water formation in the North Pacific may also play an important ...
  • Deep-blue thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) emitters for light-emitting electrochemical cells (LEECs) 

    Wong, Michael Y.; La-Placa, Maria-Grazia; Pertegás, Antonio; Bolink, Henk J.; Zysman-Colman, Eli (2017-02-21) - Journal article
    Two deep blue thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) emitters ( imCzDPS and imDPADPS ) that contain charged imidazolium groups tethered to the central luminophore were designed and synthesized as small molecule ...
  • Deep-brain photoreception links luminance detection to motor output in Xenopus frog tadpoles 

    Currie, Stephen Paul; Doherty, Gayle Helane; Sillar, Keith Thomas (2016-05-24) - Journal article
    Non-visual photoreceptors are widely distributed in the retina and brain but their roles in animal behaviour remain poorly understood. Here we document a novel form of deep-brain photoreception in Xenopus laevis frog ...
  • The DeepMIP contribution to PMIP4 : experimental design for model simulations of the EECO, PETM, and pre-PETM (version 1.0) 

    Lunt, Daniel J.; Huber, Matthew; Anagnostou, Eleni; Baatsen, Michiel L. J.; Caballero, Rodrigo; DeConto, Rob; Dijkstra, Henk A.; Donnadieu, Yannick; Evans, David; Feng, Ran; Foster, Gavin L.; Gasson, Ed; Von Der Heydt, Anna S.; Hollis, Chris J.; Inglis, Gordon N.; Jones, Stephen M.; Kiehl, Jeff; Turner, Sandy Kirtland; Korty, Robert L.; Kozdon, Reinhardt; Krishnan, Srinath; Ladant, Jean Baptiste; Langebroek, Petra; Lear, Caroline H.; LeGrande, Allegra N.; Littler, Kate; Markwick, Paul; Otto-Bliesner, Bette; Pearson, Paul; Poulsen, Christopher J.; Salzmann, Ulrich; Shields, Christine; Snell, Kathryn; Stärz, Michael; Super, James; Tabor, Clay; Tierney, Jessica E.; Tourte, Gregory J. L.; Tripati, Aradhna; Upchurch, Garland R.; Wade, Bridget S.; Wing, Scott L.; Winguth, Arne M. E.; Wright, Nicky M.; Zachos, James C.; Zeebe, Richard E. (2017-02-23) - Journal article
    Past warm periods provide an opportunity to evaluate climate models under extreme forcing scenarios, in particular high (> 800ppmv) atmospheric CO2 concentrations. Although a post hoc intercomparison of Eocene (∼ 50 Ma) ...