Now showing items 2167-2186 of 7734

  • Entangling Remote Nuclear Spins Linked by a Chromophore 

    Schaffry, M.; Filidou, V.; Karlen, S. D.; Gauger, E. M.; Benjamin, S. C.; Anderson, H. L.; Ardavan, A.; Briggs, G. A. D.; Maeda, K.; Henbest, K. B.; Giustino, F.; Morton, J. J. L.; Lovett, B. W. (2010-05-21) - Journal article
    Molecular nanostructures may constitute the fabric of future quantum technologies, if their degrees of freedom can be fully harnessed. Ideally one might use nuclear spins as low-decoherence qubits and optical excitations ...
  • Entangling the whole by beam splitting a part 

    Croal, Callum; Peuntinger, Christian; Chille, Vanessa; Marquardt, Christoph; Leuchs, Gerd; Korolkova, Natalia; Mišta Jr., Ladislav (2015-11-04) - Journal article
    A beam splitter is a basic linear optical element appearing in many optics experiments and is frequently used as a continuous-variable entangler transforming a pair of input modes from a separable Gaussian state into an ...
  • Enter the dragon : the emerging Chinese approach to peacebuilding in Liberia 

    Kuo, Steven Chiun-Yi (University of St Andrews, 2013) - Thesis
    Critics of the liberal peace point out that the imposition of liberal democratic structures of governance through United Nations Peacekeeping Operations has not led to a sustainable peace being built. In reply, supporters ...
  • Entering the black hole: the Taliban, terrorism, and organised crime 

    Phillips, Matthew D.; Kamen, Emily A. (Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence, University of St Andrews, 2014-09-01) - Journal article
    Cooperation and imitation among crime and terror groups in recent years has given rise to a crime-terror nexus. A linear conceptualisation of a crime-terror spectrum, suggests that complete convergence of crime and terror ...
  • Environment and health in Central Asia: quantifying the determinants of child survival 

    Franz, Jennifer Sue (University of St Andrews, 2007-06-20) - Thesis
    The impact of environmental degradation on well-being is largely ignored in terms of economic costs of development. Due in large part to measurement difficulties, the environment in the daily welfare of the world's poorest ...
  • Environmental aspects of sustainability : SMEs and the role of the accountant 

    Spence, Laura J.; Agyemang, Gloria; Rinaldi, Leonardo (Association of Chartered Certified Accountants, 2012-07-23) - Report
    This report describes the potential for further widening SMP advice provision to include the topic of environmental sustainability. Sustainability and CSR have been identified as emergent key issues for the accountancy ...
  • Environmental Audit Committee report : preparations for the Johannesburg Summit 

    Sustainable Development Commission (Sustainable Development Commission, 2002-03-01) - Report
    This memorandum provides both an overview of recent UK performance on sustainable development, and highlights some particular conclusions about current UK performance, which we have drawn from our work to date.
  • Environmental complexity influences association network structure and network-based diffusion of foraging information in fish shoals 

    Webster, Michael Munro; Atton, Nicola; Hoppitt, William John Edward; Laland, Kevin Neville (2013-02) - Journal article
    Socially transmitted information can significantly affect the ways in which animals interact with their environments. We used network-based diffusion analysis, a novel and powerful tool for exploring information transmission, ...
  • Environmental constraints on the foraging behaviour, spatial usage and population sizes of albatrosses 

    Wakefield, Ewan D. (University of St Andrews, 2009) - Thesis
    Satellite-tracking of wide-ranging, apex marine predators, combined with remote-sensing, can be used to test ecological hypotheses and to estimate spatial abundance. I used this approach to quantify the habitat usage of ...
  • Environmental effects in quantum chemistry : QM/MM studies of structures, NMR properties and reactivities in extended systems 

    Bjornsson, Ragnar (University of St Andrews, 2012-11-30) - Thesis
    Computational modelling of chemical systems is most easily carried out in the vacuum for single molecules. Accounting for environmental effects accurately in quantum chemical calculations, however, is often necessary for ...
  • Environmental timing and control of reproduction in the powan of Loch Lomond 'Coregonus lavaretus (L) (Teleostei)' in relation to its pineal organ 

    O'Connell, William David (University of St Andrews, 1985) - Thesis
    The reproductive cycle of Coregonus lavaretus (L. ) in Loch Lomond was investigated by monthly sampling. The stages of the cycle occurred at the same time each year and were precisely timed. The environment followed ...
  • The environments in which stars and circumstellar discs form 

    Poulton, Christopher John (University of St Andrews, 2008) - Thesis
    In this thesis, images of a debris disc are used to examine the evidence for the presence of a Neptune-like planet around ε Eridani and detections of protoplanetary discs are used to investigate the evidence for star and ...
  • EnzML : multi-label prediction of enzyme classes using InterPro signatures 

    De Ferrari, Luna; Aitken, Stuart; van Hemert, Jano; Goryanin, Igor (2012-04) - Journal article
    Background: Manual annotation of enzymatic functions cannot keep up with automatic genome sequencing. In this work we explore the capacity of InterPro sequence signatures to automatically predict enzymatic function. Results: ...
  • An enzymatic route to selenazolines 

    Koehnke, Jesko; Morawitz, Falk; Bent, Andrew F.; Houssen, Wael E.; Shirran, Sally L.; Fuszard, Matthew A.; Smellie, Iain A.; Botting, Catherine H.; Smith, Margaret C. M.; Jaspars, Marcel; Naismith, James H. (2013-03-18) - Journal article
    Ringing the changes: Selenazolines have applications in medicinal chemistry, but their synthesis is challenging. We report a new convenient and less toxic route to these heterocycles that starts from commercially available ...
  • Enzyme immobilisation and catalysis in ordered mesoporous silica 

    Smith, Graham Murray (University of St Andrews, 2008-06-25) - Thesis
    A range of mesoporous materials based on SBA-15 have been prepared and characterised. The materials were templated by neutral block copolymer P123, and typically have a hexagonal (p6mm) pore structure, with high surface ...
  • Enzyme mechanism prediction : a template matching problem on InterPro signature subspaces 

    Mussa, Hamse Yussuf; De Ferrari, Luna; Mitchell, John B. O. (2015-12-03) - Journal article
    We recently reported that one may be able to predict with high accuracy the chemical mechanism of an enzyme by employing a simple pattern recognition approach: a k Nearest Neighbour rule with k=1 (k1NN) and 321 InterPro ...
  • Ephedrine requirements are reduced during spinal anaesthesia for caesarean section in preeclampsia 

    Clark, V. A.; Sharwood-Smith, Geoffrey H.; Stewart, A. V. G. (Elsevier Ltd., 2005-01) - Journal article
    Background: Despite controversy over the haemodynamically safest blockade for caesarean section in women with severe preeclampsia, an increasing number of anaesthetists now opt for spinal anaesthesia. In a previous study ...
  • Epiclesis: a way of life 

    Hamilton, Roddy (St Mary's College, University of St Andrews, 2008-12-01) - Journal article
    The epiclesis is that part of the prayer of consecration of the Eucharistic elements by which the Holy Spirit is invoked. Roddy Hamilton's essay raises some very thought-provoking questions about what is going on at this ...
  • Epidemic events : state-formation, class struggle and biopolitics in three epidemic crises of modern China 

    Lynteris, Christos (University of St Andrews, 2010-06-25) - Thesis
    Based on extended research on Chinese medical and epidemiological archival material dating back to the beginning of the 20th century, and on six months of internship in epidemiology in Beijing’s Medical School and in Haidian ...
  • The epidemiology of Phytophthora ramorum and P. kernoviae at two outbreak sites in Scotland 

    Elliot, Matthew (University of St Andrews, 2013-09-18) - Thesis
    This PhD examined the epidemiology of two potentially devastating plant pathogens, Phytophthora ramorum and P. kernoviae, at Benmore Botanic Garden in Argyll & Bute and Brodick Castle Garden in Arran. Spore traps, river ...