Now showing items 2062-2081 of 9635

  • Discovery of intramolecular trans-sialidases in human gut microbiota suggests novel mechanisms of mucosal adaptation 

    Tailford, Louise E.; Owen, C. David; Walshaw, John; Crost, Emmanuelle H.; Hardy-Goddard, Jemma; Le Gall, Gwenaelle; de Vos, Willem M.; Taylor, Garry L.; Juge, Nathalie (2015-07) - Journal article
    The gastrointestinal mucus layer is colonized by a dense community of microbes catabolizing dietary and host carbohydrates during their expansion in the gut. Alterations in mucosal carbohydrate availability impact on the ...
  • The discovery of new deep-sea hydrothermal vent communities in the southern ocean and implications for biogeography 

    Rogers, Alex D.; Tyler, Paul A.; Connelly, Douglas P.; Copley, Jon T.; James, Rachael; Larter, Robert D.; Linse, Katrin; Mills, Rachel A.; Garabato, Alfredo Naveira; Pancost, Richard D.; Pearce, David A.; Polunin, Nicholas V. C.; German, Christopher R.; Shank, Timothy; Boersch-Supan, Philipp H.; Alker, Belinda J.; Aquilina, Alfred; Bennett, Sarah A.; Clarke, Andrew; Dinley, Robert J. J.; Graham, Alastair G. C.; Green, Darryl R. H.; Hawkes, Jeffrey A.; Hepburn, Laura; Hilario, Ana; Huvenne, Veerle A. I.; Marsh, Leigh; Ramirez-Llodra, Eva; Reid, William D. K.; Roterman, Christopher N.; Sweeting, Christopher J.; Thatje, Sven; Zwirglmaier, Katrin (2012-01) - Journal article
    Since the first discovery of deep-sea hydrothermal vents along the Galapagos Rift in 1977, numerous vent sites and endemic faunal assemblages have been found along mid-ocean ridges and back-arc basins at low to mid latitudes. ...
  • Discovery of species-wide tool use in the Hawaiian crow 

    Rutz, Christian; Klump, Barbara Christina; Komarczyk, Lisa; Leighton, Rosanna; Kramer, Joshua; Wischnewski, Saskia; Sugasawa, Shoko; Morrissey, Michael Blair; James, Richard; St Clair, James; Switzer, Richard A.; Masuda, Bryce M. (2016-09-15) - Journal article
    Only a handful of bird species are known to use foraging tools in the wild1. Amongst them, the New Caledonian crow (Corvus moneduloides) stands out with its sophisticated tool-making skills2, 3. Despite considerable ...
  • Discovery of the Fomalhaut C debris disc 

    Kennedy, G.M.; Wyatt, M.C.; Kalas, P.; Duchêne, G.; Sibthorpe, B.; Lestrade, J.-F.; Matthews, B.C.; Greaves, J. (2014-02-11) - Journal article
    Fomalhaut is one of the most interesting and well-studied nearby stars, hosting at least one planet, a spectacular debris ring and two distant low-mass stellar companions (TW PsA and LP 876-10, a.k.a. Fomalhaut B and C). ...
  • Discovery of WASP-65b and WASP-75b : two hot Jupiters without highly inflated radii 

    Gómez Maqueo Chew, Y.; Faedi, F.; Pollacco, D.; Brown, David John Alexander; Doyle, A.P.; Collier Cameron, A.; Gillon, M.; Lendl, M.; Smalley, B.; Triaud, A.H.M.J.; West, R.G.; Wheatley, P.J.; Busuttil, R.; Liebig, C.; Anderson, D.R.; Armstrong, D.J.; Barros, S.C.C.; Bento, J.; Bochinski, J.; Burwitz, V.; Delrez, L.; Enoch, B.; Fumel, A.; Haswell, C.A.; Hébrard, G.; Hellier, C.; Holmes, S.; Jehin, E.; Kolb, U.; Maxted, P.F.L.; McCormac, J.; Miller, G.R.M.; Norton, A.J.; Pepe, F.; Queloz, D.; Rodríguez, J.; Ségransan, D.; Skillen, I.; Stassun, K.G.; Udry, S.; Watson, C. (2013-11-01) - Journal article
    We report the discovery of two transiting hot Jupiters, WASP-65b (Mpl = 1.55 ± 0.16 MJ; Rpl = 1.11 ± 0.06 RJ), and WASP-75b (Mpl = 1.07 ± 0.05 MJ; Rpl = 1.27 ± 0.05 RJ). They orbit their host star every ~2.311, and ~2.484 ...
  • Discovery theology: reflecting people by the Tay 

    Gammack, George (St Mary's College, University of St Andrews, 2006-06-01) - Journal article
    George Gammack’s paper emerges from the context of his ministry in the Whitfield area of Dundee. He describes a parish marked by significant levels of deprivation and seeks ways in which to forge a theology relevant to ...
  • Discovery, in vivo activity, and mechanism of action of a small-molecule p53 activator 

    Lain, Sonia; Hollick, Jonathan J.; Campbell, Johanna; Staples, Oliver D.; Higgins, Maureen; Aoubala, Mustapha; McCarthy, Anna; Appleyard, Virginia; Murray, Karen E.; Baker, Lee; Thompson, Alastair; Mathers, Joanne; Holland, Stephen J.; Stark, Michael J. R.; Pass, Georgia; Woods, Julie; Lane, David P.; Westwood, Nicholas J. (2008-05-06) - Journal article
    We have carried out a cell-based screen aimed at discovering small molecules that activate p53 and have the potential to decrease tumor growth. Here, we describe one of our hit compounds, tenovin-1, along with a more ...
  • Discrepancies between isochrone fitting and gyrochronology for exoplanet host stars? 

    Brown, D.J.A. (2014-08-01) - Journal article
    Using a sample of 68 planet-hosting stars, I carry out a comparison of isochrone fitting and gyrochronology to investigate whether tidal interactions between the stars and their planets are leading to underestimated ages ...
  • A discussion of pneumatology and the linguistic turn to practice, with reference to Kevin Vanhoozer’s canonical-linguistic approach to Christian theology 

    Bellenger, Peter John Russell (University of St Andrews, 2009-11-30) - Thesis
    This dissertation assesses the pneumatological implications of Kevin Vanhoozer’s canonical-linguistic approach to Christian theology, in the context of the wider issue of recent interest in re-conceiving the cultural-linguistic ...
  • Disease progression in Plasmodium knowlesi malaria is linked to variation in invasion gene family members 

    Ahmed, Atique M.; Monsanto Pinheiro, Miguel; Divis, Paul C.; Siner, Angela; Zainudin, Ramlah; Wong, Ing Tien; Lu, Chan Woon; Singh-Khaira, Sarina K.; Millar, Scott B.; Lynch, Sean; Willmann, Matthias; Singh, Balbir; Krishna, Sanjeev; Cox Singh, Janet (2014-08-14) - Journal article
    Plasmodium knowlesi, a parasite of Southeast Asian macaques, has entered the human population. Approximately 10% of P. knowlesi infections are severe, 1–2% are fatal, in Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo. Increase in parasitaemia ...
  • Disentangling planetary orbits from stellar activity in radial-velocity surveys 

    Haywood, R.D.; Cameron, A.C.; Queloz, D.; Barros, S.C.C.; Deleuil, M.; Fares, R.; Gillon, M.; Hatzes, A.; Lanza, A.F.; Lovis, C.; Moutou, C.; Pepe, F.; Pollacco, D.; Santerne, A.; Ségransan, D.; Unruh, Y. (2014-04-01) - Journal article
    The majority of extra-solar planets have been discovered (or confirmed after follow-up) through radial-velocity (RV) surveys. Using ground-based spectrographs such as High Accuracy Radial Velocity Planetary Search (HARPS) ...
  • Disinflation and exchange-rate pass-through 

    Senay, Ozge (2008-04) - Journal article
    This paper analyzes exchange-rate dynamics following a money-based disinflation under different degrees of exchange-rate pass-through. Using a microfounded dynamic general equilibrium model with imperfect competition and ...
  • The disk around the brown dwarf KPNO TAU 3 

    Broekhoven-Fiene, H.; Matthews, B.; Duchêne, G.; Di Francesco, J.; Scholz, A.; Chrysostomou, A.; Jayawardhana, R. (2014-07-10) - Journal article
    We present submillimeter observations of the young brown dwarfs KPNO Tau 1, KPNO Tau 3, and KPNO Tau 6 at 450 μm and 850 μm taken with the Submillimetre Common-User Bolometer Array on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope. ...
  • Disk evolution, element abundances and cloud properties of young gas giant planets 

    Helling, C.; Woitke, P.; Rimmer, P.B.; Kamp, I.; Thi, W.-F.; Meijerink, R. (2014-04-14) - Journal article
    We discuss the chemical pre-conditions for planet formation, in terms of gas and ice abundances in a protoplanetary disk, as function of time and position, and the resulting chemical composition and cloud properties in the ...
  • Dislocation and relocation: clarsach and live electronics 

    MacDonald, Alistair (The Royal Conservatoire of Scotland, 2014-12-16) - Journal article
    In writing The Salutation (clarsach and electroacoustic sound) for harpist Catriona McKay in 2002, I wanted to create something which celebrated the history and music of the instrument itself, using studio technology to ...
  • Dismissivism in metaphysics : debates about what there is and debates about what grounds what 

    Porro, Laura Cecilia (University of St Andrews, 2013-11-30) - Thesis
    In this thesis I focus on dismissivism in metaphysics. Some philosophers argue that at least some metaphysical disputes are not substantial, and as a consequence should be dismissed. In this work I restrict my attention ...
  • Disorder driven structural and dielectric properties of silicon substituted strontium titanate 

    Dugu, Sita; Pavunny, Shojan P.; Sharma, Yogesh; Scott, James F.; Katiyar, Ram S. (2015-07-17) - Journal article
    A systematic study on structural, microstructural, optical, dielectric, and electrical properties of phase-pure silicon-modified SrTiO3 polycrystalline electroceramics synthesized using high energy solid state reaction ...
  • Disordered driven coupled cavity arrays : Non-equilibrium stochastic mean-field theory 

    Kulaitis, Gytis; Kruger, Frank; Nissen, Felix; Keeling, Jonathan Mark James (2013-01-29) - Journal article
    We study the interplay of disorder with pumping and decay in coupled qubit-cavity arrays, the Jaynes-Cummings-Hubbard model. We find that relatively weak disorder can wash out the bistability present in the clean pumped ...
  • Dispersal and population structure at different spatial scales in the subterranean rodent Ctenomys australis 

    Mora, Matias S.; Mapelli, Fernando J.; Gaggiotti, Oscar E.; Kittlein, Marcelo J.; Lessa, Enrique P. (2010-01-28) - Journal article
    Background: The population genetic structure of subterranean rodent species is strongly affected by demographic (e.g. rates of dispersal and social structure) and stochastic factors (e.g. random genetic drift among ...
  • Dispersion studies on multimode polymer spiral waveguides for board-level optical interconnects 

    Chen, J.; Bamiedakis, N.; Edwards, Tom; Brown, C Tom A; Penty, R.V.; White, I.H. (IEEE, 2015-05-29) - Conference item
    Dispersion studies are conducted on 1m long multimode polymer spiral waveguides with different refractive index profiles. Bandwidth-length products >40GHz×m are obtained from such waveguides under a 50/125 μm MMF, indicating ...