Now showing items 2042-2061 of 8742

  • Dust in brown dwarfs and extra-solar planets. IV. Assessing TiO2 and SiO nucleation for cloud formation modelling 

    Lee, G.; Helling, Christiane; Giles, H.; Bromley, S. T. (2015-03) - Journal article
    Clouds form in atmospheres of brown dwarfs and planets. The cloud particle formation processes are similar to the dust formation process studied in circumstellar shells of AGB stars and in Supernovae. Cloud formation ...
  • Dusty disks at the bottom of the initial mass function 

    Scholz, Alexander; Jayawardhana, Ray (2008-01-01) - Journal article
    Isolated planetary-mass objects (IPMOs) have masses close to or below the deuterium-burning mass limit (similar to 15 M-Jup)-at the bottom of the stellar initial mass function. We present an exploratory survey for disks ...
  • Dusty gas with one fluid 

    Laibe, G.; Price, Daniel J. (2014-05-21) - Journal article
    In this paper, we show how the two-fluid equations describing the evolution of a dust and gas mixture can be re-formulated to describe a single fluid moving with the barycentric velocity of the mixture. This leads to ...
  • Dusty gas with one fluid in smoothed particle hydrodynamics 

    Laibe, G.; Price, D.J. (2014-05-21) - Journal article
    In a companion paper we have shown how the equations describing gas and dust as two fluids coupled by a drag term can be re-formulated to describe the system as a single-fluid mixture. Here, we present a numerical ...
  • Dying 'through the law to the law' (Gal. 2.19) 

    Gilthvedt, Gary E. (University of St Andrews, 1990) - Thesis
    In the Letter to the Galatians the law has been superseded by Christ's cross and faith in Christ is contrasted to the law. The juxtaposition of the law and the cross occurs in 2.19, where Paul speaks of them in terms ...
  • Dynamic changes in gene expression in vivo predict prognosis of tamoxifen-treated patients with breast cancer 

    Taylor, Karen J.; Sims, Andrew H.; Liang, Liang; Faratian, Dana; Muir, Morwenna; Walker, Graeme; Kuske, Barbara; Dixon, J. Michael; Cameron, David A.; Harrison, David J.; Langdon, Simon P. (2010-06-22) - Journal article
    Introduction: Tamoxifen is the most widely prescribed anti-estrogen treatment for patients with estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer. However, there is still a need for biomarkers that reliably predict endocrine ...
  • Dynamic covalent nanoparticle building blocks 

    Kay, Euan Robert (2016-07-25) - Journal article
    Rational and generalizable methods for engineering surface functionality will be crucial to realizing the technological potential of nanomaterials. Nanoparticle-bound dynamic covalent exchange combines the error-correcting ...
  • Dynamic epigenetic changes to VHL occur with sunitinib in metastatic clear cell renal cancer 

    Stewart, Grant D.; Powles, Thomas; Van Neste, Christophe; Meynert, Alison; O'Mahony, Fiach; Laird, Alexander; Deforce, Dieter; Van Nieuwerburgh, Filip; Trooskens, Geert; Van Criekinge, Wim; De Meyer, Tim; Harrison, David James (2016-03-23) - Journal article
    Background: Genetic intratumoral heterogeneity (ITH) hinders biomarker development in metastatic clear cell renal cancer (mccRCC). Epigenetic relative to genetic ITH or the presence of consistent epigenetic changes following ...
  • Dynamic habitat corridors for marine predators : intensive use of a coastal channel by harbour seals is modulated by tidal currents 

    Hastie, Gordon Drummond; Russell, Deborah Jill; Benjamins, Steven; Moss, Simon; Wilson, Ben; Thompson, David (2016-12) - Journal article
    Previous studies have found that predators utilise habitat corridors to ambush prey moving through them. In the marine environment, coastal channels effectively act as habitat corridors for prey movements, and sightings ...
  • Dynamic mineral clouds on HD 189733b : I. 3D RHD with kinetic, non-equilibrium cloud formation 

    Lee, G.; Dobbs-Dixon, I.; Helling, Ch.; Bognar, K.; Woitke, P. (2016-10-10) - Journal article
    Context. Observations of exoplanet atmospheres have revealed the presence of cloud particles in their atmospheres. 3D modelling of cloud formation in atmospheres of extrasolar planets coupled to the atmospheric dynamics ...
  • A dynamic model of engagement in normative and non-normative collective action : psychological antecedents, consequences, and barriers 

    Becker, Julia; Tausch, Nicole (2015) - Journal article
    This review addresses three recent developments in the collective action literature. First, we demonstrate that normative and non-normative collective action participation can be predicted by different psychological ...
  • Dynamic modulation of phosphoprotein expression in ovarian cancer xenograft models 

    Koussounadis, Antonis; Langdon, Simon; Um, In Hwa; Kay, Charlene; Francis, Kyle; Harrison, David James; Smith, V Anne (2016-03-10) - Journal article
    Background: The dynamic changes that occur in protein expression after treatment of a cancer in vivo are poorly described. In this study we measure the effect of chemotherapy over time on the expression of a panel of ...
  • Dynamic molecular control of nanoparticle building block assembly 

    Borsley, Stefan (University of St Andrews, 2016-06) - Thesis
    Nanoparticles have generated much excitement as a result of their often unique properties, inherently dependent on nanoparticle material, shape and size. Virtually all conceivable nanoparticle applications will require ...
  • Dynamic photoinhibition exhibited by red coralline algae in the red sea 

    Burdett, Heidi; Keddie, Victoria; MacArthur, Nicola; McDowall, Laurin; McLeish, Jennifer; Spielvogel, Eva; Hatton, Angela; Kamenos, Nicholas (2014-05-20) - Journal article
    Background: Red coralline algae are critical components of tropical reef systems, and their success and development is, at least in part, dependent on photosynthesis. However, natural variability in the photosynthetic ...
  • Dynamic properties of bright points in an active region 

    Keys, P.H.; Mathioudakis, M.; Jess, D.B.; MacKay, D.H.; Keenan, F.P. (2014-06-20) - Journal article
    Context. Bright points (BPs) are small-scale, magnetic features ubiquitous across the solar surface. Previously, we have observed and noted their properties for quiet Sun regions. Here, we determine the dynamic properties ...
  • Dynamic size tuning of multidimensional optically bound matter 

    Brzobohaty, Oto; Karasek, Vitezslav; Cizmar, Tomas; Zemanek, Pavel (2011-09) - Journal article
    We generate and dynamically control one-, two- and three-dimensional optically bound structures of soft matter in the geometry of counter-propagating incoherent laser beams. We report results for the Bessel, Gaussian, and ...
  • The dynamical fate of self-gravitating disc fragments after tidal downsizing 

    Forgan, D.; Parker, R.J.; Rice, K. (2015-02-11) - Journal article
    The gravitational instability model of planet/brown dwarf formation proposes that protostellar discs can fragment into objectswith masses above a few Jupiter masses at large semimajor axis. Tidal downsizing may reduce both ...
  • Dynamical history of the Local Group in ΛCDM 

    Banik, Indranil; Zhao, Hongsheng (2016-06-21) - Journal article
    The positions and velocities of galaxies in the Local Group (LG) measure the gravitational field within it. This is mostly due to the Milky Way (MW) and Andromeda (M31). We constrain their masses using distance and radial ...
  • Dynamical patterns of coexisting strategies in a hybrid discrete-continuum spatial evolutionary game model 

    Burgess, Andrew; Schofield, Pieta; Hubbard, Steven; Chaplain, Mark Andrew Joseph; Lorenzi, Tommaso (2016-10-04) - Journal article
    We present a novel hybrid modelling framework that takes into account two aspects which have been largely neglected in previous models of spatial evolutionary games: random motion and chemotaxis. A stochastic individual-based ...
  • Dynamical torque in CoxFe3–xO4 nanocube thin films characterized by femtosecond magneto-optics : a π-shift control of the magnetization precession 

    Vomir, Mircea; Turnbull, Robin; Birced, Ipek; Parreira, Pedro; MacLaren, Donald A; Lee, Stephen Leslie; André, Pascal; Bigot, Jean-Yves (2016-08-10) - Journal article
    For spintronic devices excited by a sudden magnetic or optical perturbation, the torque acting on the magnetization plays a key role in its precession and damping. However the torque itself can be a dynamical quantity via ...