Now showing items 1731-1750 of 9297

  • Deciphering satellite observations of compressional ULF waveguide modes 

    Elsden, Tom; Wright, Andrew Nicholas; Hartinger, Michael (2016-04) - Journal article
    We present an analytical method for determining incident and reflection co- efficients for flank ULF compressional waveguide modes in Earth’s magnetosphere. In the flank magnetosphere, compressional waves propagate ...
  • Decision errors, legal uncertainty and welfare : a general treatment 

    Ulph, David Tregear; Katsoulacos, Yannis (University of St Andrews, 2014-02) - Working or discussion paper
    This paper provides a general treatment of the implications for welfare of legal uncertainty. We distinguish legal uncertainty from decision errors: though the former can be influenced by the latter, the latter are neither ...
  • Decision-making under risk of loss in children 

    Steelandt, Sophie; Broihanne, Marie-Helene; Romain, Amelie; Thierry, Bernard; Dufour, Valerie (2013-01-09) - Journal article
    In human adults, judgment errors are known to often lead to irrational decision-making in risky contexts. While these errors can affect the accuracy of profit evaluation, they may have once enhanced survival in dangerous ...
  • The decomposition of the Faroe-Shetland Channel water masses using Parametric Optimum Multi-Parameter analysis 

    McKenna, C.; Berx, B.; Austin, William (2016-01) - Journal article
    The Faroe-Shetland Channel (FSC) is an important conduit for the poleward flow of Atlantic water towards the Nordic Seas and, as such, it plays an integral part in the Atlantic's thermohaline circulation. Mixing processes ...
  • Decomposition tables for experiments : I. A chain of randomizations 

    Brien, C. J.; Bailey, Rosemary Anne (2009-12) - Journal article
    One aspect of evaluating the design for an experiment is the discovery of the relationships between subspaces of the data space. Initially we establish the notation and methods for evaluating an experiment with a single ...
  • Decomposition tables for experiments : II. Two–one randomizations 

    Brien, C. J.; Bailey, Rosemary Anne (2010-10) - Journal article
    We investigate structure for pairs of randomizations that do not follow each other in a chain. These are unrandomized-inclusive, independent, coincident or double randomizations. This involves taking several structures ...
  • Deep brain stimulation of different pedunculopontine targets in a novel rodent model of parkinsonism 

    Gut, N.K.; Winn, P. (2015-03-25) - Journal article
    The pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus (PPTg) has been proposed as a target for deep brain stimulation (DBS) in parkinsonian patients, particularly for symptoms such as gait and postural difficulties refractory to dopaminergic ...
  • Deep sequencing analysis of defective genomes of parainfluenza virus 5 and their role in interferon induction 

    Killip, M. J.; Young, D. F.; Gatherer, D.; Ross, C. S.; Short, J. A. L.; Davison, A. J.; Goodbourn, S.; Randall, R. E. (2013-05) - Journal article
    Preparations of parainfluenza virus 5 (PIV5) that are potent activators of the interferon (IFN) induction cascade were generated by high-multiplicity passage in order to accumulate defective interfering virus genomes (DIs). ...
  • Deep spectroscopic luminosity function of Abell 85 : no evidence for a steep upturn of the faint-end slope 

    Agulli, I.; Aguerri, J. A. L.; Sanchez-Janssen, R.; Barrena, R.; Diaferio, A.; Serra, A. L.; Mendez Abreu, Jairo (2014-10-11) - Journal article
    We present a new deep determination of the spectroscopic luminosity function (LF) within the virial radius of the nearby and massive Abell 85 (A85) cluster down to the dwarf regime (M* + 6) using Very Large Telescope/Visible ...
  • Deep water formation in the North Pacific and deglacial CO2 rise 

    Rae, James William Buchanan; Sarnthein, Michael; Foster, Gavin; Ridgwell, Andy; Grootes, Pieter; Elliott, Tim (2014-06) - Journal article
    Deepwater formation in the North Atlantic and Southern Ocean is widely thought to influence deglacial CO2 rise and climate change; here we suggest that deep water formation in the North Pacific may also play an important ...
  • Deep-brain photoreception links luminance detection to motor output in Xenopus frog tadpoles 

    Currie, Stephen Paul; Doherty, Gayle Helane; Sillar, Keith Thomas (2016-05-10) - Journal article
    Non-visual photoreceptors are widely distributed in the retina and brain but their roles in animal behaviour remain poorly understood. Here we document a novel form of deep-brain photoreception in Xenopus laevis frog ...
  • The DeepMIP contribution to PMIP4 : experimental design for model simulations of the EECO, PETM, and pre-PETM (version 1.0) 

    Lunt, Daniel J.; Huber, Matthew; Anagnostou, Eleni; Baatsen, Michiel L. J.; Caballero, Rodrigo; DeConto, Rob; Dijkstra, Henk A.; Donnadieu, Yannick; Evans, David; Feng, Ran; Foster, Gavin L.; Gasson, Ed; Von Der Heydt, Anna S.; Hollis, Chris J.; Inglis, Gordon N.; Jones, Stephen M.; Kiehl, Jeff; Turner, Sandy Kirtland; Korty, Robert L.; Kozdon, Reinhardt; Krishnan, Srinath; Ladant, Jean Baptiste; Langebroek, Petra; Lear, Caroline H.; LeGrande, Allegra N.; Littler, Kate; Markwick, Paul; Otto-Bliesner, Bette; Pearson, Paul; Poulsen, Christopher J.; Salzmann, Ulrich; Shields, Christine; Snell, Kathryn; Stärz, Michael; Super, James; Tabor, Clay; Tierney, Jessica E.; Tourte, Gregory J. L.; Tripati, Aradhna; Upchurch, Garland R.; Wade, Bridget S.; Wing, Scott L.; Winguth, Arne M. E.; Wright, Nicky M.; Zachos, James C.; Zeebe, Richard E. (2017-02-23) - Journal article
    Past warm periods provide an opportunity to evaluate climate models under extreme forcing scenarios, in particular high (> 800ppmv) atmospheric CO2 concentrations. Although a post hoc intercomparison of Eocene (∼ 50 Ma) ...
  • The Deepwater Horizon oil spill marine mammal injury assessment 

    Takeshita, Ryan; Sullivan, Laurie; Smith, Cynthia; Collier, Tracy; Hall, Ailsa; Brosnan, Tom; Rowles, Teri; Schwacke, Lori (2017-01-31) - Journal item
    From 2010 to 2015, a team of scientists studied how the BP Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil spill affected marine mammals inhabiting the northern Gulf of Mexico, as part of the DWH Natural Resource Damage Assessment process. ...
  • DEER sensitivity between iron centers and nitroxides in heme-containing proteins improves dramatically using broadband, high-field EPR 

    Motion, Claire Louise; Lovett, Janet Eleanor; Bell, Stacey; Cassidy, Scott Lindsay; Cruickshank, Paul Alexander Sawchuk; Bolton, David Robert; Hunter, Robert Iain; El Mkami, Hassane; Van Doorslaer, Sabine; Smith, Graham Murray (2016-04) - Journal article
    This work demonstrates the feasibility of making sensitive nanometer distance measurements between Fe(III) heme centers and nitroxide spin labels in proteins using the double electron-electron resonance (DEER) pulsed EPR ...
  • A default prior distribution for contingency tables with dependent factor levels 

    Overstall, Antony; King, Ruth (2014-01) - Journal article
    A default prior distribution is proposed for the Bayesian analysis of contingency tables. The prior is specified to allow for dependence between levels of the factors. Different dependence structures are considered, including ...
  • Defeating pragmatic encroachment? 

    McGrath, Matthew (2016-11-15) - Journal article
    This paper examines the prospects of a prima facie attractive response to Fantl and McGrath's argument for pragmatic encroachment. The response concedes that if one knows a proposition to be true then that proposition is ...
  • Defective interfering particles of parainfluenza virus subtype 5 and interferon induction 

    Short, John A. L. (University of St Andrews, 2015) - Thesis
    The innate immune response is the first line of defence against virus infection. Cells contain a diverse array of pathogen recognition receptors (PRRs) that are able to recognise multiple pathogen associated molecular ...
  • Defects in sodalite-group minerals determined from X-ray-induced luminescence 

    Finch, Adrian Anthony; Mortensen, Henrik Friis; Maghrabi, Mufeed (2016-07) - Journal article
    The luminescence spectra of a suite of natural sodium framework silicates including four different sodalite variants and tugtupite have been collected during X-ray irradiation as a function of temperature between 20 and ...
  • A defence of the Kaplanian theory of sentence truth 

    Sweeney, Paula (University of St Andrews, 2010-06) - Thesis
    When David Kaplan put forward his theory of sentence truth incorporating demonstratives, initially proposed in ‘Dthat’ (1978) and later developed in ‘Demonstratives’ (1989a) and ‘Afterthoughts’ (1989b), it was, to his ...
  • Defending the “Satanic Verses” : constructive engagement: British-Iranian relations and the right to freedom of expression (1989-2004) 

    Kaussler, Bernd (University of St Andrews, 2008) - Thesis
    This thesis aims to conceptualize what is often referred to in diplomacy, as a policy of “constructive engagement”, by employing neoliberal-institutionalist theories and conflict resolution approaches. The adopted “model ...