Now showing items 1556-1575 of 10474

  • Consistency and the quantified constraint satisfaction problem 

    Nightingale, Peter (University of St Andrews, 2007-11-30) - Thesis
    Constraint satisfaction is a very well studied and fundamental artificial intelligence technique. Various forms of knowledge can be represented with constraints, and reasoning techniques from disparate fields can be ...
  • Consistency in eyewitness reports of aquatic "monsters" 

    Paxton, Charles George Mackay; Shine, Adrian J. (2016-03-15) - Journal article
    Little work has been undertaken on the consistency/repeatabilityof reports of natural historical anomalies. Such information is usefulin understanding the reporting process associated with such accountsand distinguishing ...
  • Consistency of arsenic speciation in global tobacco products with implications for health and regulation 

    Campbell, Robert Charles James; Stephens, W; Meharg, Andrew (2014-12-11) - Journal article
    Background Tobacco smoke is a major risk to the health of its users and arsenic is among the components of smoke present at concentrations of toxicological concern. There are significant variations in human toxicity between ...
  • Consistent dust and gas models for protoplanetary disks I. Disk shape, dust settling, opacities, and PAHs 

    Woitke, Peter; Min, M.; Pinte, C.; Thi, W. -F.; Kamp, I.; Rab, C.; Anthonioz, F.; Antonellini, S.; Baldovin-Saavedra, C.; Carmona, A.; Dominik, C.; Dionatos, O.; Greaves, Jane Sophia; Güdel, M.; Ilee, John David; Liebhart, A.; Ménard, F.; Rigon, Laura; Waters, L. B. F. M.; Aresu, G.; Meijerink, R.; Spaans, M. (2016-02-02) - Journal article
    We propose a set of standard assumptions for the modelling of Class II and III protoplanetary disks, which includes detailed continuumradiative transfer, thermo-chemical modelling of gas and ice, and line radiative transfer ...
  • A consistent nonparametric bootstrap test of exogeneity 

    Lee, Jinhyun (University of St Andrews, 2013-09) - Working or discussion paper
    This paper proposes a novel way of testing exogeneity of an explanatory variable without any parametric assumptions in the presence of a "conditional" instrumental variable. A testable implication is derived that if an ...
  • Conspecific recognition and aggression reduction to familiars in newly weaned, socially plastic mammals 

    Robinson, Kelly Joanne; Twiss, Sean; Hazon, Neil; Moss, Simon; Lonergan, Mike; Pomeroy, Patrick (2015-08) - Journal article
    Recognising conspecifics and behaving appropriately towards them is a crucial ability for many species. Grey seals (Halichoerus grypus) show varying capabilities in this regard: mother-pup recognition has been demonstrated ...
  • The constant philopater hypothesis : a new life history invariant for dispersal evolution 

    Rodrigues, António; Gardner, Andy (2016-01) - Journal article
    Surprising invariance relationships have emerged from the study of social interaction, whereby a cancelling-out of multiple partial effects of genetic, ecological or demographic parameters means that they have no net impact ...
  • The constitution of glucose diacetone 

    Cramond, George Alexander (University of St Andrews, 1925-03) - Thesis
    The reaction which takes place between acetone and sugars or polyhydric alcohols, first described by Fischer, produced several beautiful crystalline compounds of greater interest. Their value, however, to the study of ...
  • The Constitution of Somaliland : the problem of constitutional generations and clan dissolution 

    Aguilar, Mario I (2015-10-13) - Journal article
    This paper outlines the history, formation and general principles of the 2001 Somaliland Constitution. The people of Somaliland declared independence from Somalia in 1991 returning to the boundaries that had marked the ...
  • The constitution of starch : a study of the methyl, acetyl, and benzoyl derivatives of starch 

    Caldwell, Walter Anderson (University of St Andrews, 1934-01) - Thesis
    The field of the Chemistry of Starch is so wide and the complexities involved are so great that any attempt to solve the problems of the constitution of starch cannot be spread over the whole front, but must necessarily ...
  • The constitution of β-glucosan and its relationship to glucose, starch and cellulose 

    Oldham, John Walter Hyde (University of St Andrews, 1923) - Thesis
    The thesis is divided into two parts, which in turn are subdivided as follows: Account of the various methods for the preparation of glucosan. Proof of the constitution of glucosan, together with the general problem of its ...
  • Constraining ecosystem processes from tower fluxes and atmospheric profiles 

    Hill, T. C.; Williams, M.; Woodward, F. I.; Moncrieff, J. B. (2011-07) - Journal article
    The planetary boundary layer (PBL) provides an important link between the scales and processes resolved by global atmospheric sampling/modeling and site-based flux measurements. The PBL is in direct contact with the land ...
  • Constraining planet structure from stellar chemistry : the cases of CoRoT-7, Kepler-10, and Kepler-93 

    Santos, N. C.; Adibekyan, V.; Mordasini, C.; Benz, W.; Delgado-Mena, E.; Dorn, C.; Buchhave, L.; Figueira, P.; Mortier, Annelies; Pepe, F.; Santerne, A.; Sousa, S. G.; Udry, S. (2015-08-17) - Journal article
    Aims. We explore the possibility that the stellar relative abundances of different species can be used to constrain the bulk abundances of known transiting rocky planets. Methods. We use high resolution spectra to derive ...
  • Constraining the structure of the transition disk HD 135344B (SAO 206462) by simultaneous modeling of multiwavelength gas and dust observations 

    Carmona, A.; Pinte, C.; Thi, W.F.; Benisty, M.; Ménard, F.; Grady, C.; Kamp, I.; Woitke, P.; Olofsson, J.; Roberge, A.; Brittain, S.; Duchêne, G.; Meeus, G.; Martin-Zaïdi, C.; Dent, B.; Le Bouquin, J.B.; Berger, J.P. (2014-07-10) - Journal article
    Context. Constraining the gas and dust disk structure of transition disks, particularly in the inner dust cavity, is a crucial step toward understanding the link between them and planet formation. HD 135344B is an accreting ...
  • Constructed service : gendered discourses across the United States military 

    Weinstein, Sarah F. (University of St Andrews, 2013-11-30) - Thesis
    The status of female service members in the United States military evolved significantly during the years between 2001 and 2013 due primarily to the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the changing nature of warfare, and military ...
  • Constructing 2-generated subgroups of the group of homeomorphisms of Cantor space 

    Hyde, James Thomas (University of St Andrews, 2017) - Thesis
    We study finite generation, 2-generation and simplicity of subgroups of H[sub]c, the group of homeomorphisms of Cantor space. In Chapter 1 and Chapter 2 we run through foundational concepts and notation. In Chapter 3 we ...
  • Constructing a common EU policy vis-à-vis the East : managing identity, normativity, morality and interests in talk 

    Futák-Campbell, Beatrix (University of St Andrews, 2011) - Thesis
    In order to appreciate the wider implication of EU foreign policy and the role of the EU as a global actor, it is essential to consider how constructions of EU foreign policy are accounted for, by practitioners, within ...
  • Constructing a global counterterrorist legislation database: dilemmas, procedures, and preliminary analyses 

    Shor, Eran (Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence, University of St Andrews, 2011-11-11) - Journal article
    Counterterrorist legislation is one of the main ways in which countries, particularly democracies, respond to terror attacks. Yet, there is to date no comprehensive cross-national database of counterterrorist legislation. ...
  • Constructing active architectures in the ArchWare ADL 

    Morrison, Ron; Kirby, Graham; Balasubramaniam, Dharini; Mickan, Kath; Oquendo, Flavio; Cîmpan, Sorana; Warboys, Brian; Snowdon, Bob; Greenwood, Mark (University of St Andrews, 2003) - Report
    Software that cannot change is condemned to atrophy: it cannot accommodate the constant revision and re-negotiation of its business goals nor intercept the potential of new technology. To accommodate change in such systems ...
  • Constructing flag-transitive, point-imprimitive designs 

    Cameron, Peter Jephson; Praeger, Cheryl E. (2016-05-04) - Journal article
    We give a construction of a family of designs with a specified point-partition and determine the subgroup of automorphisms leaving invariant the point-partition. We give necessary and sufficient conditions for a design in ...