Now showing items 1461-1480 of 13156

  • Children and international relations : a new site of knowledge? 

    Watson, Alison Martha Scott (2006-04) - Journal article
    Recent years have seen the growth of approaches critical of traditional state-centred examinations of international relations, arguing instead for analyses that recognise actors and methods previously held largely silent ...
  • Children as victims of social violence : a practical theological approach 

    Baltodano, Mireya (University of St Andrews, 1996-07) - Thesis
  • Children draw more affiliative pictures following priming with third-party ostracism 

    Song, Ruiting; Over, Harriet; Carpenter, Malinda (2015-06) - Journal article
    Humans have a strong need to belong. Thus, when signs of ostracism are detected, adults often feel motivated to affiliate with others in order to re-establish their social connections. This study investigated the importance ...
  • Children infer affiliative and status relations from watching others imitate 

    Over, Harriet; Carpenter, Malinda (2015-11) - Journal article
    We investigated whether young children are able to infer affiliative relations and relative status from observing others’ imitative interactions. Children watched videos showing one individual imitating another and were ...
  • Children’s Creativity Lab : creating a ‘pen of the future’ 

    Mann, Anne-Marie; Hinrichs, Uta; Quigley, Aaron John (ACM, 2014-11-11) - Conference item
    Technology is changing the way we acquire new skills and proficiencies and handwriting is no exception to this. However, while some technological advancements exist in this area, the question of how we can digitally enhance ...
  • Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) gaze following in the informed forager paradigm : analysis with cross correlations 

    Hall, Katherine McGregor (University of St Andrews, 2012-06-19) - Thesis
    I tested two pairs of captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) in the informed forager paradigm: a subordinate saw the location of hidden bait, and then searched with a naïve dominant. This paradigm has tested what subjects ...
  • Chimpanzee accumulative stone throwing 

    Kühl, Hjalmar S.; Kalan, Ammie K.; Arandjelovic, Mimi; Aubert, Floris; D’Auvergne, Lucy; Goedmakers, Annemarie; Jones, Sorrel; Kehoe, Laura; Regnaut, Sebastien; Tickle, Alexander; Ton, Els; van Schijndel, Joost; Abwe, Ekwoge E.; Angedakin, Samuel; Agbor, Anthony; Ayimisin, Emmanuel Ayuk; Bailey, Emma; Bessone, Mattia; Bonnet, Matthieu; Brazolla, Gregory; Buh, Valentine Ebua; Chancellor, Rebecca; Cipoletta, Chloe; Cohen, Heather; Corogenes, Katherine; Coupland, Charlotte; Curran, Bryan; Deschner, Tobias; Dierks, Karsten; Dieguez, Paula; Dilambaka, Emmanuel; Diotoh, Orume; Dowd, Dervla; Dunn, Andrew; Eshuis, Henk; Fernandez, Rumen; Ginath, Yisa; Hart, John; Hedwig, Daniela; Ter Heegde, Martijn; Hicks, Thurston Cleveland; Imong, Inaoyom; Jeffery, Kathryn J.; Junker, Jessica; Kadam, Parag; Kambi, Mohamed; Kienast, Ivonne; Kujirakwinja, Deo; Langergraber, Kevin; Lapeyre, Vincent; Lapuente, Juan; Lee, Kevin; Leinert, Vera; Meier, Amelia; Maretti, Giovanna; Marrocoli, Sergio; Mbi, Tanyi Julius; Mihindou, Vianet; Moebius, Yasmin; Morgan, David; Morgan, Bethan; Mulindahabi, Felix; Murai, Mizuki; Niyigabae, Protais; Normand, Emma; Ntare, Nicolas; Ormsby, Lucy Jayne; Piel, Alex; Pruetz, Jill; Rundus, Aaron; Sanz, Crickette; Sommer, Volker; Stewart, Fiona; Tagg, Nikki; Vanleeuwe, Hilde; Vergnes, Virginie; Willie, Jacob; Wittig, Roman Martin; Zuberbuehler, Klaus; Boesch, Christophe (2016-02-29) - Journal article
    The study of the archaeological remains of fossil hominins must rely on reconstructions to elucidate the behaviour that may have resulted in particular stone tools and their accumulation. Comparatively, stone tool use among ...
  • Chimpanzee alarm call production meets key criteria for intentionality 

    Schel, Anne Marijke; Townsend, Simon W.; Machanda, Zarin; Zuberbuehler, Klaus; Slocombe, Katie E. (2013-10-16) - Journal article
    Determining the intentionality of primate communication is critical to understanding the evolution of human language. Although intentional signalling has been claimed for some great ape gestural signals, comparable evidence ...
  • Chimpanzee culture extends beyond matrilineal family units 

    van Leeuwen, Edwin J. C.; Mundry, Roger; Cronin, Katherine A.; Bodamer, Mark; Haun, Daniel B. M. (2017-06-19) - Journal article
    The “grooming handclasp” (GHC) is one of the most well-established cultural traditions in chimpanzees. A recent study by Wrangham et al. [1] reduced the cultural scope of GHC behavior by showing that GHC-style convergence ...
  • Chimpanzee lip-smacking facilitates cooperative behaviour 

    Fedurek, Pawel; Slocombe, Katie; Hartel, Jessica A.; Zuberbuehler, Klaus (2015-08-21) - Journal article
    Signalling plays an important role in facilitating and maintaining affiliative or cooperative interactions in social animals. Social grooming in primates is an example of an interaction that requires coordination between ...
  • Chimpanzee quiet hoo variants differ according to context 

    Crockford, Catherine; Gruber, Thibaud; Zuberbuhler, Klaus (2018-05-23) - Journal article
    In comparative studies of evolution of communication, the function and use of animal quiet calls have typically been understudied, despite that these signals are presumably under selection like other vocalisations, such ...
  • Chimpanzee uses manipulative gaze cues to conceal and reveal information to foraging competitor 

    Hall, Katie; Oram, Mike W.; Campbell, Matthew W.; Eppley, Timothy M.; Byrne, Richard W.; de Waal, Frans B. M. (2017-03) - Journal article
    Tactical deception has been widely reported in primates on a functional basis, but details of behavioral mechanisms are usually unspecified. We tested a pair of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) in the informed forager paradigm, ...
  • Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) display limited behavioural flexibility when faced with a changing foraging task requiring tool use 

    Harrison, Rachel Anne; Whiten, Andrew (2018-02-19) - Journal article
    Behavioural flexibility, the ability to alter behaviour in response to environmental feedback, and to relinquish previously successful solutions to problems, is a crucial ability in allowing organisms to adapt to novel ...
  • Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) Flexibly Adjust Their Behaviour in Order to Maximize Payoffs, Not to Conform to Majorities 

    Van Leeuwen, Edwin J. C.; Cronin, Katherine A.; Schutte, Sebastian; Call, Josep; Haun, Daniel B. M. (2013-11-27) - Journal article
    Chimpanzees have been shown to be adept learners, both individually and socially. Yet, sometimes their conservative nature seems to hamper the flexible adoption of superior alternatives, even to the extent that they persist ...
  • Chimpanzees communicate to two different audiences during aggressive interactions 

    Fedurek, Pawel; Slocombe, Katie E.; Zuberbuehler, Klaus (2015-12) - Journal article
    Conflict and aggressive interactions are common phenomena in group-living animals and vocal behaviour often plays an important role in determining their outcomes. In some species, vocal signals seem to provide bystanders ...
  • Chimpanzees coordinate in a snowdrift game 

    Sánchez-Amaro, Alejandro; Duguid, Shona; Call, Josep; Tomasello, Michael (2016-06) - Journal article
    The snowdrift game is a model for studying social coordination in the context of competing interests. We presented pairs of chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes, with a situation in which they could either pull a weighted tray ...
  • Chimpanzees copy dominant and knowledgeable individuals : implications for cultural diversity 

    Kendal, R.; Hopper, L.M.; Whiten, A.; Brosnan, S.F.; Lambeth, S.P.; Schapiro, S.J.; Hoppitt, W. (2015-01) - Journal article
    Evolutionary theory predicts that natural selection will fashion cognitive biases to guide when, and from whom, individuals acquire social information, but the precise nature of these biases, especially in ecologically ...
  • Chimpanzees Extract Social Information from Agonistic Screams 

    Slocombe, Katie E.; Kaller, Tanja; Call, Josep; Zuberbuehler, Klaus (2010-07-14) - Journal article
    Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) agonistic screams are graded vocal signals that are produced in a context-specific manner. Screams given by aggressors and victims can be discriminated based on their acoustic structure but the ...
  • Chimpanzees prioritise social information over pre-existing behaviours in a group context but not in dyads 

    Watson, Stuart; Lambeth, Susan P.; Schapiro, Steven J.; Whiten, Andrew (2018-03-24) - Journal article
    How animal communities arrive at homogeneous behavioural preferences is a central question for studies of cultural evolution. Here, we investigated whether chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) would relinquish a pre-existing ...
  • Chimpanzees' responses to the dead body of a 9-year-old group member 

    van Leeuwen, Edwin J. C.; Mulenga, Innocent Chitalu; Bodamer, Mark D.; Cronin, Katherine A. (2016-09) - Journal article
    The social behavior of chimpanzees has been extensively studied, yet not much is known about how they behave in response to the death of a group member. Here, we provide a detailed report of the reactions of a group of ...