Now showing items 1357-1376 of 8482

  • Contrasting changes in the abundance and diversity of North American bird assemblages from 1971 to 2010 

    Schipper, Aafke M.; Belmaker, Jonathan; de Miranda, Murilo Dantas; Navarro, Laetitia M.; Böhning-Gaese, Katrin; Costello, Mark J.; Dornelas, Maria; Foppen, Ruud; Hortal, Joaquín; Huijbregts, Mark A.J.; Martín-López, Berta; Pettorelli, Nathalie; Queiroz, Cibele; Rossberg, Axel G.; Santini, Luca; Schiffers, Katja; Steinmann, Zoran J.N.; Visconti, Piero; Rondinini, Carlo; Pereira, Henrique M. (2016-05-12) - Journal article
    Although it is generally recognized that global biodiversity is declining, few studies have examined long-term changes in multiple biodiversity dimensions simultaneously. In this study we quantified and compared temporal ...
  • Contrastive reasons and promotion 

    Snedegar, Justin (2014-10) - Journal article
    A promising but underexplored view about normative reasons is contrastivism, which holds that considerations are fundamentally reasons for things only relative to sets of alternatives. Contrastivism gains an advantage by ...
  • The contribution of the subthalamic nucleus to executive functions in rat 

    Xia, Shuang (University of St Andrews, 2014-12-01) - Thesis
    Lesions of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) alleviate the cardinal signs of idiopathic as well as MPTP-induced Parkinson’s disease in primates. For this reason, the STN is a target for clinical treatment of Parkinson’s ...
  • Contribution to the Public Health Consultation : 'Choosing Health?' 

    Sustainable Development Commission (Sustainable Development Commission, 2004-05-01) - Report
    The Sustainable Development Commission’s submission to the Department of Health's 'Choosing Health?' consultation.
  • Control and measurement of ultrafast pulses for pump/probe-based metrology 

    Harper, Matthew R. (University of St Andrews, 2007) - Thesis
    In this thesis the control of ultrafast (10⁻¹³ s) optical pulses used for metrological applications has been investigated. Two different measurement set-ups have been considered, both based around the `pump-probe' technique, ...
  • Control control control : a reassessment and comparison of GenBank and chromatogram mtDNA sequence variation in Baltic grey seals (Halichoerus grypus) 

    Fietz, Katharina; Graves, Jefferson Alden; Olsen, Morten Tange (2013-08-16) - Journal article
    Genetic data can provide a powerful tool for those interested in the biology, management and conservation of wildlife, but also lead to erroneous conclusions if appropriate controls are not taken at all steps of the ...
  • Control of a two-dimensional electron gas on SrTiO3 (111) by atomic oxygen 

    McKeown Walker, S.; De La Torre, A.; Bruno, F.Y.; Tamai, A.; Kim, T.K.; Hoesch, M.; Shi, M.; Bahramy, M.S.; King, P.D.C.; Baumberger, F. (2014-10-20) - Journal article
    We report on the formation of a two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) at the bare surface of (111) oriented SrTiO3. Angle resolved photoemission experiments reveal highly itinerant carriers with a sixfold symmetric Fermi ...
  • The control of infectious diseases in Fife, c. 1855-1950 

    Patterson, Stephen (University of St Andrews, 1989) - Thesis
    This thesis is a study-of the contribution of public health administration to the control of Infectious diseases in Fife during the period c. 1855-1950. It is a local study in the social history of medicine which attempts ...
  • The control of mitochondrial morphology and dynamics in Arabidopis thaliana 

    Scott, Iain (University of St Andrews, 2006) - Thesis
    Mitochondria are ubiquitous eukaryotic organelles which carry out a range of essential functions, most notably the production of ATP through the process of oxidative phosphorylation. While the main biochemical function ...
  • Control of mode and intermediate water mass properties in Drake Passage by the Amundsen Sea low 

    Close, Sally; Naveira Garabato, Alberto; McDonagh, Elaine; King, Brian; Biuw, Martin; Boehme, Lars (2013-07) - Journal article
    The evolution of the physical properties of Subantarctic Mode Water (SAMW) and Antarctic Intermediate Water (AAIW) in the Drake Passage region are examined on time scales down to intraseasonal, within the 1969 - 2009 period. ...
  • Control of Q-factor in nanobeam cavities on substrate 

    Panettieri, Danilo; O'Faolain, Liam; Grande, Marco (IEEE, 2016-08-23) - Conference item
    In this paper, we demonstrate how to efficiently control the quality factor of silicon nitride nanobeam cavities, grown on a silica substrate and embedded in an upper cladding, by engineering the nanobeam cross-section and ...
  • Control plane handoff analysis for IP mobility 

    Phoomikiattisak, Ditchaphong; Bhatti, Saleem Noel (IEEE, 2016-07-11) - Conference item
    Seamless host mobility is vital to future network mobility, and has been an active research area for a long time. Much research focuses on the performance of the data plane. In this paper, we present comprehensive analyses ...
  • Controlled suppression of superconductivity by the generation of polarized Cooper pairs in spin-valve structures 

    Flokstra, M. G.; Cunningham, T. C.; Kim, J.; Satchell, N.; Burnell, G.; Curran, P. J.; Bending, S. J.; Kinane, C. J.; Cooper, J. F. K.; Langridge, S.; Isidori, A.; Pugach, N.; Eschrig, M.; Lee, S. L. (2015-02-02) - Journal article
    Transport measurements are presented on thin-film superconducting spin-valve systems, where the controlled noncollinear arrangement of two ferromagnetic Co layers can be used to influence the superconducting state of Nb. ...
  • Controlling circular polarization of light emitted by quantum dots using chiral photonic crystal slabs 

    Lobanov, S. V.; Tikhodeev, S. G.; Gippius, N. A.; Gippius, N. A.; Maksimov, A. A.; Filatov, E. V.; Tartakovskii, I. I.; Kulakovskii, V. D.; Weiss, T.; Schneider, C.; Gessler, J.; Kamp, M.; Hoefling, Sven (2015-11-23) - Journal article
    We study the polarization properties of light emitted by quantum dots that are embedded in chiral photonic crystal structures made of achiral planar GaAs waveguides. A modification of the electromagnetic mode structure due ...
  • Controlling crystal growth of platy porous materials as potential substrates for effects pigments 

    Tennant, Fiona H. (University of St Andrews, 2012) - Thesis
    The mesoporous silica SBA-15 (SBA = Santa Barbara) has been prepared with a hexagonal platy morphology, particle sizes 8 µm × 0.5 µm thick, of interest as a substrate for effects pigments. Starting from a literature ...
  • Controlling Cu•••Cu distances using halides: (8-phenylthionaphth-1-yl)diphenylphosphine copper halide dimers 

    Knight, Fergus R.; Fuller, Amy L.; Slawin, Alexandra M. Z.; Woollins, J. Derek (2009) - Journal article
    In the isomorphous binuclear Cu2X2L2 systems (L = (8-phenylthionaphth-1-yl)diphenylphosphine the Cu center dot center dot center dot Cu separation is reduced as the halide size increases.
  • Controlling exciton diffusion and fullerene distribution in photovoltaic blends by side chain modification 

    Sajjad, Muhammad Tariq; Ward, Alexander J.; Kästner, Christian; Ruseckas, Arvydas; Hoppe, Harald; Samuel, Ifor David William (2015-08-06) - Journal article
    The influence of crystallinity on exciton diffusion and fullerene distribution was investigated by blending amorphous and semicrystalline copolymers. We measured exciton diffusion and fluorescence quenching in such blends ...
  • Controlling for the effects of information in a public goods discrete choice model 

    Czajkowski, Mikolaj; Hanley, Nicholas David; LaRiviere, Jacob (2014-11-27) - Journal article
    This paper develops a reduced form method of controlling for differences in information sets of subjects in public good discrete choice models, using stated preference data. The main contribution of our method comes from ...
  • Controlling the behavior of single live cells with high density arrays of microscopic OLEDs 

    Steude, Anja; Jahnel, Matthias; Thomschke, Michael; Schober, Matthias; Gather, Malte Christian (2015-12-09) - Journal article
    Microarrays of OLEDs are used to ­optically control the locomotion of individual cells in real time. Close contact (<2 μm) between OLEDs and the aqueous cell culture medium is facilitated by high-performance thin-film ...
  • Controls on the transport of oceanic heat to Kangerdlugssuaq Glacier, east Greenland 

    Cowton, Tom; Sole, Andrew; Nienow, Peter; Slater, Donald; Wilton, David; Hanna, Edward (2016-10-05) - Journal article
    Greenland's marine-terminating glaciers may be sensitive to oceanic heat, but the fjord processes controlling delivery of this heat to glacier termini remain poorly constrained. Here we use a three-dimensional numerical ...