Now showing items 1205-1224 of 7714

  • Consuming the jihad : an enquiry into the subculture of internet jihadism 

    Ramsay, Gilbert (University of St Andrews, 2011) - Thesis
    Recent years have seen a great deal of interest in phenomena such as Al Qaida ‘terrorism’, Islamic ‘radicalism’ or, increasingly, ‘jihadism’ - on the Internet. However, as I argue in this thesis, much work in these areas ...
  • Consumption decisions when people value conformity 

    Ulph, David Tregear; Ulph, Alistair (University of St Andrews, 2014-10-01) - Working or discussion paper
    In this paper we assume that for some commodities individuals may wish to adjust their levels of consumption from their normal Marshallian levels so as to match the consumption levels of a group of other individuals, in ...
  • Consumption inequality and discount rate heterogeneity 

    Sun, Gang (University of St Andrews, 2013-03) - Working or discussion paper
    Although standard incomplete market models can account for the magnitude of the rise in consumption inequality over the life cycle, they generate unrealistically concave age profiles of consumption inequality and unrealistically ...
  • Contact-free experimental determination of the static flexural spring constant of cantilever sensors using a microfluidic force tool 

    Parkin, John David; Hähner, Georg (2016-03-30) - Journal article
    Micro- and nanocantilevers are employed in atomic force microscopy (AFM) and in micro- and nanoelectromechanical systems (MEMS and NEMS) as sensing elements. They enable nanomechanical measurements, are essential for the ...
  • Container-based Cloud Virtual Machine benchmarking 

    Varghese, Blesson; Subba, Lawan Thamsuhang; Thai, Long Thanh; Barker, Adam David (IEEE Computer Society, 2016-04-04) - Conference item
    With the availability of a wide range of cloud Virtual Machines (VMs) it is difficult to determine which VMs can maximise the performance of an application. Benchmarking is commonly used to this end for capturing the ...
  • Contemporary art and political violence: the role of art in the rehabilitation and healing of communities affected by political violence 

    Spens, Christiana (Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence, University of St Andrews, 2013-05-31) - Journal article
    This paper will investigate how contemporary artists who use political violence as a subject matter in their work explain the relationship between art and that form of violence. Referring to interviews with Anita Glesta ...
  • Contemporary poets' responses to science 

    MacKenzie, Victoria R. (University of St Andrews, 2013-11-30) - Thesis
    This thesis considers a range of contemporary poets’ responses to science, emphasising the diversity of these engagements and exploring how poetry can disrupt or re-negotiate the barriers between the two activities. My ...
  • Contending for liberty : principle and party in Montesquieu, Hume, and Burke 

    Elliott, Sean (University of St Andrews, 2010-11-29) - Thesis
    This thesis explores the political reformation of “faction” in the political thought of Montesquieu, David Hume, and Edmund Burke, three thinkers whose works span what Pierre Manent calls “an exquisite moment of liberalism.” ...
  • Contesting climate justice in the city : examining politics and practice in urban climate change experiments 

    Bulkeley, Harriet; Edwards, Gareth A. S.; Fuller, Sara (2014-03) - Journal article
    Debates about climate justice have mainly occurred at the international scale, and have focussed on the rights and responsibilities of nation-states to either be protected from the effects of climate change, or to take ...
  • Contesting the “nature” of conformity : what Milgram and Zimbardo's studies really show 

    Haslam, Alexander; Reicher, Stephen David (2012-11-20) - Journal article
    Understanding of the psychology of tyranny is dominated by classic studies from the 1960s and 1970s: Milgram's research on obedience to authority and Zimbardo's Stanford Prison Experiment. Supporting popular notions of the ...
  • Context-based personalised settings for mobile location sharing 

    Abdesslem, Fehmi Ben; Henderson, Tristan; Brostoff, Sacha; Sasse, M. Angela (2011-10-27) - Conference paper
    Location-Based Services (LBSes) are increasing in popularity, but create many privacy concerns for users. LBSes usually rely on the same default privacy settings for all users. In this position paper, we claim that such ...
  • Context-dependent 'safekeeping' of foraging tools in New Caledonian crows 

    Klump, Barbara Christina; van der Wal, Jessica Eva Megan; St Clair, James; Rutz, Christian (2015-05-20) - Journal article
    Several animal species use tools for foraging, such as sticks to extract embedded arthropods and honey, or stones to crack open nuts and eggs. While providing access to nutritious foods, these behaviours may incur significant ...
  • Context-dependent associations between heterozygosity and immune variation in a wild carnivore Evolutionary ecology and behaviour 

    Brock, P.M.; Goodman, S.J.; Hall, Ailsa Jane; Cruz, M.; Acevedo-Whitehouse, K. (2015-11-04) - Journal article
    Background: A multitude of correlations between heterozygosity and fitness proxies associated with disease have been reported from wild populations, but the genetic basis of these associations is unresolved. We used a ...
  • Context-dependent decision making in wild rufous hummingbirds 

    Morgan, Kate (University of St Andrews, 2013) - Thesis
    Conventional models of decision making assume that animals and humans will evaluate available options based on the benefit that they provide and then choose the option that provides the largest benefit. However, there ...
  • Context-specific close-range "hoo" calls in wild gibbons (Hylobates lar) 

    Clarke, Esther; Reichard, Ulrich H.; Zuberbuehler, Klaus (2015-04-08) - Journal article
    Background: Close range calls are produced by many animals during intra-specific interactions, such as during home range defence, playing, begging for food, and directing others. In this study, we investigated the most ...
  • Contextual determinants of political modernization in tribal Middle Eastern societies : the case of unified Yemen 

    Fattah, Khaled (University of St Andrews, 2010-05) - Thesis
    By all conventional measurements of modernization and development, from communication and education to bureaucracy and urbanization, Arab societies have been undergoing an impressive transformation. There is, however, a ...
  • Contextual effects of intergroup contact on outgroup prejudice 

    Christ, Oliver; Schmid, Katharina; Lolliot, Simon; Swart, Hermann; Stolle, Dietlind; Tausch, Nicole; Al-Ramiah, Ananthi; Wagner, Ulrich; Vertovec, Steven; Hewstone, Miles (2014-03-18) - Journal article
    We assessed evidence for a contextual effect of positive intergroup contact, whereby the effect of intergroup contact between social contexts (the between-level effect) on outgroup prejudice is greater than the effect of ...
  • Continental growth and the crustal record 

    Hawkesworth, Chris; Cawood, Peter; Dhuime, Bruno (2013-12-08) - Journal item
    The continental crust is the archive of Earth history. The spatial and temporal distribution of the Earth's record of rock units and events is heterogeneous with distinctive peaks and troughs in the distribution of ages ...
  • The continental record and the generation of continental crust 

    Cawood, Peter Anthony; Hawkesworth, Chris; Dhuime, Bruno Philippe Marcel (2013-01) - Journal article
    Continental crust is the archive of Earth history. The spatial and temporal distribution of Earth's record of rock units and events is heterogeneous; for example, ages of igneous crystallization, metamorphism, continental ...
  • Continental weathering following a Cryogenian glaciation : evidence from calcium and magnesium isotopes 

    Kasemann, S.A.; Pogge von Strandmann, P.A.E.; Prave, A.R.; Fallick, A.E.; Elliott, T.; Hoffmann, K.-H. (2014-06-15) - Journal article
    A marked ocean acidification event and elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations following the extreme environmental conditions of the younger Cryogenian glaciation have been inferred from boron isotope measurements. ...