Now showing items 1-17 of 17

  • Clawed forelimbs allow northern seals to eat like their ancient ancestors 

    Hocking, David P.; Marx, Felix G.; Sattler, Renae; Harris, Robert N.; Pollock, Tahlia I.; Sorrell, Karina J.; Fitzgerald, Erich M.G.; McCurry, Matthew R.; Evans, Alistair R. (2018-04-18) - Journal article
    Streamlined flippers are often considered the defining feature of seals and sea lions, whose very name ‘pinniped’ comes from the Latin pinna and pedis, meaning ‘fin-footed’. Yet not all pinniped limbs are alike. Whereas ...
  • Comparing methods suitable for monitoring marine mammals in low visibility conditions during seismic surveys 

    Verfuss, Ursula K.; Gillespie, Douglas; Gordon, Jonathan; Marques, Tiago A.; Miller, Brianne; Plunkett, Rachael; Theriault, James A.; Tollit, Dominic J.; Zitterbart, Daniel P.; Hubert, Philippe; Thomas, Len (2018-01) - Journal item
    Loud sound emitted during offshore industrial activities can impact marine mammals. Regulations typically prescribe marine mammal monitoring before and/or during these activities to implement mitigation measures that ...
  • Deadly diving? Physiological and behavioural management of decompression stress in diving mammals 

    Hooker, Sascha Kate; Fahlman, A.; Moore, M. J.; Aguilar de Soto, N.; Bernaldo de Quiros, Y.; Brubakk, A. O.; Costa, D. P.; Costidis, A. M.; Dennison, S.; Falke, K. J.; Fernandez, A.; Ferrigno, M.; Fitz-Clarke, J. R.; Garner, M. M.; Houser, D. S.; Jepson, P. D.; Ketten, D. R.; Kvadsheim, P. H.; Madsen, P. T.; Pollock, N. W.; Rotstein, D. S.; Rowles, T. K.; Simmons, S. E.; Van Bonn, W.; Weathersby, P. K.; Weise, M. J.; Williams, T. M.; Tyack, Peter Lloyd (2012-03-22) - Journal item
    Decompression sickness (DCS; 'the bends') is a disease associated with gas uptake at pressure. The basic pathology and cause are relatively well known to human divers. Breath-hold diving marine mammals were thought to be ...
  • The Deepwater Horizon oil spill marine mammal injury assessment 

    Takeshita, Ryan; Sullivan, Laurie; Smith, Cynthia; Collier, Tracy; Hall, Ailsa; Brosnan, Tom; Rowles, Teri; Schwacke, Lori (2017-01-31) - Journal item
    From 2010 to 2015, a team of scientists studied how the BP Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil spill affected marine mammals inhabiting the northern Gulf of Mexico, as part of the DWH Natural Resource Damage Assessment process. ...
  • Ecology and conservation of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in the north-eastern Adriatic Sea 

    Fortuna, Caterina Maria (University of St Andrews, 2007) - Thesis
    Bottlenose dolphins of the Kvarnerić (NE Adriatic Sea) live in an area of increasing human impact, through tourism and small-scale fisheries. This thesis aimed to assess the status of the local population and to inform ...
  • Estimated tissue and blood N2 levels and risk of in vivo bubble formation in deep-, intermediate- and shallow diving toothed whales during exposure to naval sonar. 

    Kvadsheim, Petter H; Miller, Patrick; Tyack, Peter Lloyd; Sivle, Lise D; Lam, Frans Peter; Fahlman, Andreas (2012-05-10) - Journal article
    Naval sonar has been accused of causing whale stranding by a mechanism which increases formation of tissue N2 gas bubbles. Increased tissue and blood N2 levels, and thereby increased risk of decompression sickness (DCS), ...
  • Experimental field studies to measure behavioral responses of cetaceans to sonar 

    Southall, Brandon L.; Nowacek, Douglas P.; Miller, Patrick J. O.; Tyack, Peter L. (2016-12-06) - Journal item
    Substantial recent progress has been made in directly measuring behavioral responses of free-ranging marine mammals to sound using controlled exposure experiments. Many studies were motivated by concerns about observed and ...
  • The generalized data management and collection protocol for Conductivity-Temperature-Depth Satellite Relay Data Loggers 

    Photopoulou, Theoni; Fedak, Mike; Matthiopoulos, Jason; McConnell, Bernie J; Lovell, Philip (2015-07-29) - Journal article
    The software routines for data sampling and processing that are implemented on-board telemetry devices (tags) called Conductivity-Temperature-Depth Satellite Relay Data Loggers (CTD-SRDLs) enable the simultaneous collection ...
  • Harbour seals avoid tidal turbine noise : implications for collision risk 

    Hastie, Gordon D.; Russell, Debbie J. F.; Lepper, Paul; Elliott, Jim; Wilson, Ben; Benjamins, Steven; Thompson, Dave (2018-03) - Journal article
    1.  Tidal stream energy converters (turbines) are currently being installed in tidally energetic coastal sites. However, there is currently a high level of uncertainty surrounding the potential environmental impacts on ...
  • Marine mammals and sonar : dose-response studies, the risk-disturbance hypothesis and the role of exposure context 

    Harris, Catriona M; Thomas, Len; Falcone, Erin; Hildebrand, John; Houser, Dorian; Kvadsheim, Petter; Lam, Frans-Peter A.; Miller, Patrick; Moretti, David J.; Read, Andrew; Slabbekoorn, Hans; Southall, Brandon L.; Tyack, Peter Lloyd; Wartzok, Douglas; Janik, Vincent M. (2018-01) - Journal item
    1. Marine mammals may be negatively affected by anthropogenic noise. Behavioural response studies (BRSs) aim to establish a relationship between the exposure dose of a stressor and associated behavioural responses of ...
  • Modeling the aggregated exposure and responses of bowhead whales Balaena mysticetus to multiple sources of anthropogenic underwater sound 

    Ellison, William T.; Racca, Roberto; Clark, Christopher W.; Streever, Bill; Frankel, Adam S.; Fleishman, Erica; Angliss, Robyn; Berger, Joel; Ketten, Darlene; Guerra, Melania; Leu, Matthias; McKenna, Megan; Sformo, Todd; Southall, Brandon; Suydam, Robert; Thomas, Len (2016-05-02) - Journal article
    Potential responses of marine mammals to anthropogenic underwater sound are usually assessed by researchers and regulators on the basis of exposure to a single, relatively loud sound source. However, marine mammals typically ...
  • The modelling and assessment of whale-watching impacts 

    New, Leslie Frances; Hall, Ailsa Jane; Harcourt, R.; Kaufman, G.; Parsons, E.C.M.; Pearson, H.C.; Cosentino, A.M.; Schick, Robert Schilling (2015-10) - Journal article
    In recent years there has been significant interest in modelling cumulative effects and the population consequences of individual changes in cetacean behaviour and physiology due to disturbance. One potential source of ...
  • Navigating uncertain waters: a critical review of inferring foraging behaviour from location and dive data in pinnipeds 

    Carter, Matt Ian Daniel; Bennett, Kimberley A.; Embling, Clare B.; Hosegood, Philip J.; Russell, Debbie J. F. (2016-10-26) - Journal item
    In the last thirty years, the emergence and progression of biologging technology has led to great advances in marine predator ecology. Large databases of location and dive observations from biologging devices have been ...
  • Not just fat : investigating the proteome of cetacean blubber tissue 

    Kershaw, Joanna Louise; Botting, Catherine Helen; Brownlow, Andrew; Hall, Ailsa Jane (2018) - Journal article
    Mammalian adipose tissue is increasingly being recognized as an endocrine organ involved in the regulation of a number of metabolic processes and pathways. It responds to signals from different hormone systems and the ...
  • A risk function for behavioral disruption of Blainville’s beaked whales (Mesoplodon densirostris) from mid-frequency active sonar 

    Moretti, David; Thomas, Len; Marques, Tiago A.; Harwood, John; Dilley, Ashley; Neales, Bert; Shaffer, Jessica; Mccarthy, E; New, Leslie Frances; Jarvis, S; Morrissey, Ron (2014-01) - Journal article
    There is increasing concern about the potential effects of noise pollution on marine life in the world’s oceans. For marine mammals, anthropogenic sounds may cause behavioral disruption, and this can be quantified using a ...
  • Sperm whale diet variation by sex, location, year, social group and clan : Evidence from stable isotopes 

    Marcoux, M; Whitehead, H; Rendell, Luke Edward (2007) - Journal article
    We studied the diet of sperm whales Physeter macrocephalus by measuring carbon and nitrogen isotope ratios in 106 sloughed skin samples and 10 squid beaks (Histioteuthidae spp.), the latter collected from sperm whale ...
  • Statistical developments for understanding anthropogenic impacts on marine ecosystems 

    Marshall, Laura (University of St Andrews, 2012-06-20) - Thesis
    Over the past decades technological developments have both changed and increased human influence on the marine environment. We now have greater potential than ever before to introduce disturbance and deplete marine ...