Now showing items 1-14 of 14

  • The coevolution of innovation and technical intelligence in primates 

    Navarrete Rodriguez, Ana Francisca; Reader, Simon M.; Street, Sally E.; Whalen, Andrew; Laland, Kevin N. (2016-03) - Journal article
    In birds and primates, the frequency of behavioural innovation has been shown to covary with absolute and relative brain size, leading to the suggestion that large brains allow animals to innovate, and/or that selection ...
  • Does a peer model's task proficiency influence children's solution choice and innovation? 

    Wood, L. A.; Kendal, Rachel L.; Flynn, Emma G. (2015-11) - Journal article
    The current study investigated whether 4- to 6-year-old children's task solution choice was influenced by the past proficiency of familiar peer models and the children's personal prior task experience. Peer past proficiency ...
  • Essays on governance, public finance, and economic development 

    Okumu, Ibrahim Mike (University of St Andrews, 2014) - Thesis
    This thesis is composed of three distinct but related essays. The first essay studies the role of the size of the economy in mitigating the impact of public sector corruption on economic development. The analysis is based ...
  • Familiarity affects social network structure and discovery of prey patch locations in foraging stickleback shoals 

    Atton, N.; Galef, B. J.; Hoppitt, W.; Webster, M. M.; Laland, K. N. (2014-08-22) - Journal article
    Numerous factors affect the fine-scale social structure of animal groups, but it is unclear how important such factors are in determining how individuals encounter resources. Familiarity affects shoal choice and structure ...
  • A framework for the evaluation of new interventional procedures 

    Lourenco, Tania; Grant, Adrian M.; Burr, Jennifer M.; Vale, Luke (2012-03) - Journal article
    Objectives: The introduction of new interventional procedures is less regulated than for other health technologies such as pharmaceuticals. Decisions are often taken on evidence of efficacy and short-term safety from ...
  • Growing through subsidies 

    Aloi, Marta; Lasselle, Laurence (School of Economics and Finance, University of St Andrews., 2001) - Working or discussion paper
    We consider an overlapping generation model based on Matsuyama (1999) and show that, whenever actual capital accumulation falls below its balanced growth path, subsidising innovators by taxing consumers has stabilising ...
  • Higher frequency of social learning in China than in the West shows cultural variation in the dynamics of cultural evolution 

    Mesoudi, Alex; Chang, Lei; Murray, Keelin Margaret; Lu, Hui Jing (2015-01-07) - Journal article
    Cultural evolutionary models have identified a range of conditions under which social learning (copying others) is predicted to be adaptive relative to asocial learning (learning on one’s own), particularly in humans where ...
  • Innovation and social transmission in experimental micro-societies : exploring the scope of cumulative culture in young children 

    McGuigan, Nicola; Burdett, Emily; Burgess, Vanessa; Dean, Lewis; Lucas, Amanda; Vale, Gillian; Whiten, Andrew (2017-12-05) - Journal article
    The experimental study of cumulative culture and the innovations essential to it is a young science, with child studies so rare that the scope of cumulative cultural capacities in childhood remains largely unknown. Here ...
  • The introduction of new interventional procedures in the British National Health Service : A qualitative study 

    Lourenco, Tania; Grant, Adrian M.; Burr, Jennifer M.; Vale, Luke (2011-04) - Journal article
    Objectives: To investigate how interventional procedures (IPs) are introduced into the British National Health Services and identify areas for improvement in the current process. Methods: Qualitative study using one to one ...
  • Misfits, mavericks and mainstreams : drivers of innovation in the creative industries 

    Jones, Candace; Svejenova, Silviya; Pedersen, Jesper Strandgaard; Townley, Barbara (2016-06-01) - Journal item
    Creative industries are among the fastest-growing and most important sectors of European and North American economies. Their growth depends on continuous innovation, which is important in many industries and also challenging ...
  • Prestige affects cultural learning in chimpanzees 

    Horner, Victoria; Proctor, Darby; Bonnie, Kristin E.; Whiten, Andrew; de Waal, Frans B. M. (2010-05-19) - Journal article
    Humans follow the example of prestigious, high-status individuals much more readily than that of others, such as when we copy the behavior of village elders, community leaders, or celebrities. This tendency has been declared ...
  • Space-use and sociability are not related to public-information use in ninespine sticklebacks 

    Webster, Michael Munro; Laland, Kevin Neville (2015-06) - Journal article
    There has been much recent interest in both public information use, and the evolutionary origins and ecological consequences of animal personalities but surprisingly little integration of these two fields. Personality ...
  • Strong between-site variation in New Caledonian crows' use of hook-tool-making materials 

    St Clair, James; Klump, Barbara Christina; van der Wal, Jessica Eva Megan; Sugasawa, Shoko; Rutz, Christian (2016-06) - Journal article
    Functional tool use requires the selection of appropriate raw materials. New Caledonian crows Corvus moneduloides are known for their extraordinary tool-making behaviour, including the crafting of hooked stick tools from ...
  • Tool bending in New Caledonian crows 

    Rutz, Christian; Sugasawa, Shoko; van der Wal, Jessica Eva Megan; Klump, Barbara Christina; St Clair, James (2016-08) - Journal article
    ‘Betty’ the New Caledonian crow astonished the world, when she ‘spontaneously’ bent straight pieces of garden wire into hooked foraging tools. Recent field experiments have revealed that tool bending is part of the species’ ...