Now showing items 1-20 of 31

    • Assessing the societal benefits of river restoration using the ecosystem services approach 

      Vermaat, Jan E.; Wagtendonk, Alfred J.; Brouwer, Roy; Sheremet, Oleg; Ansink, Erik; Brockhoff, Tim; Plug, Maarten; Hellsten, Seppo; Aroviita, Jukka; Tylec, Luiza; Giełczewski, Marek; Kohut, Lukas; Brabec, Karel; Haverkamp, Jantine; Poppe, Michaela; Böck, Kerstin; Coerssen, Matthijs; Segersten, Joel; Hering, Daniel (2016-04) - Journal article
      The success of river restoration was estimated using the ecosystem services approach. In eight pairs of restored–unrestored reaches and floodplains across Europe, we quantified provisioning (agricultural products, wood, ...
    • BioTIME : a database of biodiversity time series for the Anthropocene 

      Dornelas, Maria; Antão, Laura H.; Moyes, Faye; Bates, Amanda E.; Magurran, Anne E.; Adam, Dušan; Akhmetzhanova, Asem A.; Appeltans, Ward; Arcos, José Manuel; Arnold, Haley; Ayyappan, Narayanan; Badihi, Gal; Baird, Andrew H.; Barbosa, Miguel; Barreto, Tiago Egydio; Bässler, Claus; Bellgrove, Alecia; Belmaker, Jonathan; Benedetti-cecchi, Lisandro; Bett, Brian J.; Bjorkman, Anne D.; Błażewicz, Magdalena; Blowes, Shane A.; Bloch, Christopher P.; Bonebrake, Timothy C.; Boyd, Susan; Bradford, Matt; Brooks, Andrew J.; Brown, James H.; Bruelheide, Helge; Budy, Phaedra; Carvalho, Fernando; Castañeda-moya, Edward; Chen, Chaolun Allen; Chamblee, John F.; Chase, Tory J.; Siegwart Collier, Laura; Collinge, Sharon K.; Condit, Richard; Cooper, Elisabeth J.; Cornelissen, J. Hans C.; Cotano, Unai; Kyle Crow, Shannan; Damasceno, Gabriella; Davies, Claire H.; Davis, Robert A.; Day, Frank P.; Degraer, Steven; Doherty, Tim S.; Dunn, Timothy E.; Durigan, Giselda; Duffy, J. Emmett; Edelist, Dor; Edgar, Graham J.; Elahi, Robin; Elmendorf, Sarah C.; Enemar, Anders; Ernest, S. K. Morgan; Escribano, Rubén; Estiarte, Marc; Evans, Brian S.; Fan, Tung-yung; Turini Farah, Fabiano; Loureiro Fernandes, Luiz; Farneda, Fábio Z.; Fidelis, Alessandra; Fitt, Robert; Fosaa, Anna Maria; Daher Correa Franco, Geraldo Antonio; Frank, Grace E.; Fraser, William R.; García, Hernando; Cazzolla Gatti, Roberto; Givan, Or; Gorgone-barbosa, Elizabeth; Gould, William A.; Gries, Corinna; Grossman, Gary D.; Gutierréz, Julio R.; Hale, Stephen; Harmon, Mark E.; Harte, John; Haskins, Gary; Henshaw, Donald L.; Hermanutz, Luise; Hidalgo, Pamela; Higuchi, Pedro; Hoey, Andrew; Van Hoey, Gert; Hofgaard, Annika; Holeck, Kristen; Hollister, Robert D.; Holmes, Richard; Hoogenboom, Mia; Hsieh, Chih-hao; Hubbell, Stephen P.; Huettmann, Falk; Huffard, Christine L.; Hurlbert, Allen H.; Macedo Ivanauskas, Natália; Janík, David; Jandt, Ute; Jażdżewska, Anna; Johannessen, Tore; Johnstone, Jill; Jones, Julia; Jones, Faith A. M.; Kang, Jungwon; Kartawijaya, Tasrif; Keeley, Erin C.; Kelt, Douglas A.; Kinnear, Rebecca; Klanderud, Kari; Knutsen, Halvor; Koenig, Christopher C.; Kortz, Alessandra R.; Král, Kamil; Kuhnz, Linda A.; Kuo, Chao-yang; Kushner, David J.; Laguionie-marchais, Claire; Lancaster, Lesley T.; Min Lee, Cheol; Lefcheck, Jonathan S.; Lévesque, Esther; Lightfoot, David; Lloret, Francisco; Lloyd, John D.; López-baucells, Adrià; Louzao, Maite; Madin, Joshua S.; Magnússon, Borgþór; Malamud, Shahar; Matthews, Iain; Mcfarland, Kent P.; Mcgill, Brian; Mcknight, Diane; Mclarney, William O.; Meador, Jason; Meserve, Peter L.; Metcalfe, Daniel J.; Meyer, Christoph F. J.; Michelsen, Anders; Milchakova, Nataliya; Moens, Tom; Moland, Even; Moore, Jon; Mathias Moreira, Carolina; Müller, Jörg; Murphy, Grace; Myers-smith, Isla H.; Myster, Randall W.; Naumov, Andrew; Neat, Francis; Nelson, James A.; Paul Nelson, Michael; Newton, Stephen F.; Norden, Natalia; Oliver, Jeffrey C.; Olsen, Esben M.; Onipchenko, Vladimir G.; Pabis, Krzysztof; Pabst, Robert J.; Paquette, Alain; Pardede, Sinta; Paterson, David M.; Pélissier, Raphaël; Peñuelas, Josep; Pérez-matus, Alejandro; Pizarro, Oscar; Pomati, Francesco; Post, Eric; Prins, Herbert H. T.; Priscu, John C.; Provoost, Pieter; Prudic, Kathleen L.; Pulliainen, Erkki; Ramesh, B. R.; Mendivil Ramos, Olivia; Rassweiler, Andrew; Rebelo, Jose Eduardo; Reed, Daniel C.; Reich, Peter B.; Remillard, Suzanne M.; Richardson, Anthony J.; Richardson, J. Paul; Van Rijn, Itai; Rocha, Ricardo; Rivera-monroy, Victor H.; Rixen, Christian; Robinson, Kevin P.; Ribeiro Rodrigues, Ricardo; De Cerqueira Rossa-feres, Denise; Rudstam, Lars; Ruhl, Henry; Ruz, Catalina S.; Sampaio, Erica M.; Rybicki, Nancy; Rypel, Andrew; Sal, Sofia; Salgado, Beatriz; Santos, Flavio A. M.; Savassi-coutinho, Ana Paula; Scanga, Sara; Schmidt, Jochen; Schooley, Robert; Setiawan, Fakhrizal; Shao, Kwang-tsao; Shaver, Gaius R.; Sherman, Sally; Sherry, Thomas W.; Siciński, Jacek; Sievers, Caya; Da Silva, Ana Carolina; Rodrigues Da Silva, Fernando; Silveira, Fabio L.; Slingsby, Jasper; Smart, Tracey; Snell, Sara J.; Soudzilovskaia, Nadejda A.; Souza, Gabriel B. G.; Maluf Souza, Flaviana; Castro Souza, Vinícius; Stallings, Christopher D.; Stanforth, Rowan; Stanley, Emily H.; Mauro Sterza, José; Stevens, Maarten; Stuart-smith, Rick; Rondon Suarez, Yzel; Supp, Sarah; Yoshio Tamashiro, Jorge; Tarigan, Sukmaraharja; Thiede, Gary P.; Thorn, Simon; Tolvanen, Anne; Teresa Zugliani Toniato, Maria; Totland, Ørjan; Twilley, Robert R.; Vaitkus, Gediminas; Valdivia, Nelson; Vallejo, Martha Isabel; Valone, Thomas J.; Van Colen, Carl; Vanaverbeke, Jan; Venturoli, Fabio; Verheye, Hans M.; Vianna, Marcelo; Vieira, Rui P.; Vrška, Tomáš; Quang Vu, Con; Van Vu, Lien; Waide, Robert B.; Waldock, Conor; Watts, Dave; Webb, Sara; Wesołowski, Tomasz; White, Ethan P.; Widdicombe, Claire E.; Wilgers, Dustin; Williams, Richard; Williams, Stefan B.; Williamson, Mark; Willig, Michael R.; Willis, Trevor J.; Wipf, Sonja; Woods, Kerry D.; Woehler, Eric J.; Zawada, Kyle; Zettler, Michael L. (2018-07-24) - Journal article
      Motivation: The BioTIME database contains raw data on species identities and abundances in ecological assemblages through time. These data enable users to calculate temporal trends in biodiversity within and amongst ...
    • Developing and enhancing biodiversity monitoring programmes : a collaborative assessment of priorities 

      Pocock, Michael J. O.; Newson, Stuart E.; Henderson, Ian G.; Peyton, Jodey; Sutherland, William J.; Noble, David G.; Ball, Stuart G.; Beckmann, Björn C.; Biggs, Jeremy; Brereton, Tom; Bullock, David J.; Buckland, Stephen T.; Edwards, Mike; Eaton, Mark A.; Harvey, Martin C.; Hill, Mark O.; Horlock, Martin; Hubble, David S.; Julian, Angela M.; Mackey, Edward C.; Mann, Darren J.; Marshall, Matthew J.; Medlock, Jolyon M.; O'Mahony, Elaine M.; Pacheco, Marina; Porter, Keith; Prentice, Steve; Procter, Deborah A.; Roy, Helen E.; Southway, Sue E.; Shortall, Chris R.; Stewart, Alan J. A.; Wembridge, David E.; Wright, Mark A.; Roy, David B. (2015-06) - Journal article
      Biodiversity is changing at unprecedented rates, and it is increasingly important that these changes are quantified through monitoring programmes. Previous recommendations for developing or enhancing these programmes focus ...
    • Effects of ecological scaling on biodiversity patterns 

      Antão, Laura H. (University of St Andrews, 2018-06-27) - Thesis
      Biodiversity is determined by a myriad of complex processes acting at different scales. Given the current rates of biodiversity loss and change, it is of paramount importance that we improve our understanding of the ...
    • The effects of land-use change on endemic avifauna on Makira, Solomon Islands : endemics avoid monoculture 

      Davies, Tamara Ellen; Clarke, Rohan H.; Ewen, John G.; Fazey, Ioan Raymond Albert; Pettorelli, Nathalie; Cresswell, Will (2015-06-22) - Journal article
      Unprecedented rates of deforestation on tropical islands are threatening high numbers of endemic species. A lack of empirical evidence for the impacts of land-use change on biodiversity is hindering conservation activities ...
    • Equal value : can a major Severn tidal power scheme be compatible with enhancing the Natura 2000 Biodiversity Network? 

      Sustainable Development Commission (Sustainable Development Commission, 2010-11-30) - Report
      As part of the feasibility study on tidal power project in the Severn Estuary the Sustainable Development Commission lead an investigation into possible approaches to novel habitat compensation.
    • Estimates of local biodiversity change over time stand up to scrutiny 

      Vellend, Mark; Dornelas, Maria; Baeten, Lander; Beauséjour, Robin; Brown, Carissa D.; De Frenne, Pieter; Elmendorf, Sarah C.; Gotelli, Nicholas J.; Moyes, Faye; Myers-Smith, Isla H.; Magurran, Anne E.; McGill, Brian J.; Shimadzu, Hideyasu; Sievers, Caya (2017-02) - Journal article
      We present new data and analyses revealing fundamental flaws in a critique of two recent meta-analyses of local-scale temporal biodiversity change. First, the conclusion that short-term time series lead to biased estimates ...
    • A family of spatial biodiversity measures based on graphs 

      Rajala, T; Illian, Janine Baerbel (2012-12) - Journal article
      While much research in ecology has focused on spatially explicit modelling as well as on measures of biodiversity, the concept of spatial (or local) biodiversity has been discussed very little. This paper generalises ...
    • From species to communities : the signature of recreational use on a tropical river ecosystem 

      Deacon, Amy Elizabeth; Shimadzu, Hideyasu; Dornelas, Maria; Ramnarine, Indar W.; Magurran, Anne (2015-12) - Journal article
      Disturbance can impact natural communities in multiple ways. However, there has been a tendency to focus on single indicators of change when examining the effects of disturbance. This is problematic as classical diversity ...
    • Garden life : the influence of garden age and area on the biodiversity of ground active arthropods 

      Brown, Grant R. (University of St Andrews, 2015-06-24) - Thesis
      Urbanisation is a global issue, and rapidly gaining attention from researchers as a major cause of biodiversity loss. Gardens represent a considerable proportion of the urban landscape in the UK and have significant potential ...
    • Genetic diversity of Antarctic fish 

      Fitzcharles, Elaine M. (University of St Andrews, 2015-06-24) - Thesis
      Correct species identification is fundamental to all areas of biology, but particularly the policy related areas of conservation and fisheries management. To enable guidelines to be developed for environmental management ...
    • Habitat complexity in aquatic microcosms affects processes driven by detrivores 

      Flores, Lorea; Bailey, R. A.; Elosegi, Arturo; Larrañaga, Aitor; Reiss, Julia (2016-11-01) - Journal article
      Habitat complexity can influence predation rates (e.g. by providing refuge) but other ecosystem processes and species interactions might also be modulated by the properties of habitat structure. Here, we focussed on how ...
    • How can we identify and communicate the ecological value of deep-sea ecosystem services? 

      Jobstvogt, Niels; Townsend, Michael; Witte, Ursula; Hanley, Nicholas David (2014-07-23) - Journal article
      Submarine canyons are considered biodiversity hotspots which have been identified for their important roles in connecting the deep sea with shallower waters. To date, a huge gap exists between the high importance that ...
    • How selection structures species abundance distributions 

      Magurran, Anne E.; Henderson, Peter A. (2012-09-22) - Journal article
      How do species divide resources to produce the characteristic species abundance distributions seen in nature? One way to resolve this problem is to examine how the biomass (or capacity) of the spatial guilds that combine ...
    • Identifying bird remains using ancient DNA barcoding 

      Dalén, Love; Lagerholm, Vendela K.; Nylander, Johan A. A.; Barton, Nick; Bochenski, Zbigniew M.; Tomek, Teresa; Rudling, David; Ericson, Per G. P.; Irestedt, Martin; Stewart, John R. (2017-06-21) - Journal article
      Bird remains that are difficult to identify taxonomically using morphological methods, are common in the palaeontological record. Other types of challenging avian material include artefacts and food items from endangered ...
    • Impact of biodiversity-climate futures on primary production and metabolism in a model benthic estuarine system 

      Hicks, Natalie; Bulling, Mark; Solan, Martin; Raffaelli, David; White, Piran; Paterson, David Maxwell (2011-02-14) - Journal article
      Understanding the effects of anthropogenically-driven changes in global temperature, atmospheric carbon dioxide and biodiversity on the functionality of marine ecosystems is crucial for predicting and managing the associated ...
    • The impact of multiple stressors on coastal biodiversity and associated ecosystem services 

      Watson, Stephen C. L. (University of St Andrews, 2017-06-21) - Thesis
      Marine and coastal ecosystems are subject to diverse and increasingly intensive anthropogenic activities, making understanding cumulative effects critically important. However, accurately accounting for the cumulative ...
    • The influence of philosophical perspectives in integrative research : a conservation case study in the Cairngorms National Park 

      Evely, Anna C.; Fazey, Ioan Raymond Albert; Pinard, Michelle; Lambin, Xavier (2008-12) - Journal article
      The benefits of increasing the contribution of the social sciences in the fields of environmental and conservation science disciplines are increasingly recognized. However, integration between the social and natural sciences ...
    • Local development planning and bats in the UK : “an impenetrable fog” ? 

      Cohen, Keith (University of St Andrews, 2011-06-22) - Thesis
      Despite national and international protection, and the focus of conservation biology research, UK bat populations remain under threat from development. Cumulative impacts from development threaten bat populations with the ...
    • Looking forward through the past : identification of 50 priority research questions in palaeoecology 

      Seddon, Alistair W. R.; Mackay, Anson W.; Baker, Ambroise G.; Birks, H. John B.; Breman, Elinor; Buck, Caitlin E.; Ellis, Erle C.; Froyd, Cynthia A.; Gill, Jacquelyn L.; Gillson, Lindsey; Johnson, Edward A.; Jones, Vivienne J.; Juggins, Stephen; Macias-Fauria, Marc; Mills, Keely; Morris, Jesse L.; Nogues-Bravo, David; Punyasena, Surangi W.; Roland, Thomas P.; Tanentzap, Andrew J.; Willis, Kathy J.; Aberhan, Martin; van Asperen, Eline N.; Austin, William E. N.; Battarbee, Rick W.; Bhagwat, Shonil; Belanger, Christina L.; Bennett, Keith David; Birks, Hilary H.; Ramsey, Christopher Bronk; Brooks, Stephen J.; de Bruyn, Mark; Butler, Paul G.; Chambers, Frank M.; Clarke, Stewart J.; Davies, Althea L.; Dearing, John A.; Ezard, Thomas H. G.; Feurdean, Angelica; Flower, Roger J.; Gell, Peter; Hausmann, Sonja; Hogan, Erika J.; Hopkins, Melanie J.; Jeffers, Elizabeth S.; Korhola, Atte A.; Marchant, Robert; Kiefer, Thorsten; Lamentowicz, Mariusz; Larocque-Tobler, Isabelle; Lopez-Merino, Lourdes; Liow, Lee H.; McGowan, Suzanne; Miller, Joshua H.; Montoya, Encarni; Morton, Oliver; Nogue, Sandra; Onoufriou, Chloe; Boush, Lisa P.; Rodriguez-Sanchez, Francisco; Rose, Neil L.; Sayer, Carl D.; Shaw, Helen E.; Payne, Richard; Simpson, Gavin; Sohar, Kadri; Whitehouse, Nicki J.; Williams, John W.; Witkowski, Andrzej (2014-01) - Journal article
      Priority question exercises are becoming an increasingly common tool to frame future agendas in conservation and ecological science. They are an effective way to identify research foci that advance the field and that also ...