Now showing items 1-20 of 86

  • Are associations between electronic media use and BMI different across levels of physical activity? 

    Melkevik, Ole; Haug, Ellen; Rasmussen, Mette; Fismen, AS; Wold, Bente; Borracino, Alberto; Sigmund, E; Balazsi, R; Bucksch, Jens; Inchley, Jo; Gaspar de Matos, Margarida; Samdal, Oddrun (2015-05-19) - Journal article
    Background The use of electronic media has been found to be a risk factor for higher BMI and for being overweight. Physical activity has been found to be associated with lower BMI and lower risk for being overweight. Little ...
  • Are health inequalities really not the smallest in the Nordic welfare states? : A comparison of mortality inequality in 37 countries 

    Popham, Frank; Dibben, Christopher John Lloyd; Bambra, Clare (2013) - Journal article
    Background: Research comparing mortality by socioeconomic status has found that inequalities are not the smallest in the Nordic countries. This is in contrast to expectations given these countries’ policy focus on equity. ...
  • Are retail outlets complying with national legislation to protect children from exposure to tobacco displays at point of sale? : Results from the first compliance study in the UK 

    Eadie, Douglas; Stead, Martine; MacKintosh, Anne Marie; Murray, Susan; Best, Catherine; Pearce, Jamie; Tisch, Catherine; van der Sluijs, Winfried; Amos, Amanda; MacGregor, Andy; Haw, Sally (2016-03-28) - Journal article
    BACKGROUND: From April 6th 2015, all small shops in the UK were required to cover up tobacco products at point of sale (POS) to protect children from exposure. As part of a larger 5-year study to measure the impact of the ...
  • Assessing asthma control in UK primary care : Use of routinely collected prospective observational consultation data to determine appropriateness of a variety of control assessment models 

    Hoskins, Gaylor; Williams, Brian; Jackson, Catherine Miriam; Norman, Paul D.; Donnan, Peter T. (2011-09-29) - Journal article
    Background: Assessing asthma control using standardised questionnaires is recommended as good clinical practice but there is little evidence validating their use within primary care. There is however, strong empirical ...
  • Automatic knowledge extraction from EHRs 

    Vasiljeva, Ieva; Arandelovic, Ognjen (AAAI Press, 2016-07-10) - Conference item
    Increasing efforts in the collection, standardization, and maintenance of large scale longitudinal elec- tronic health care records (EHRs) across the world provide a promising source of real world medical data with the ...
  • The blood service should ask donors about practice, not just partners 

    Sothern, Matthew Barry; Kesby, Mike (2011-09-14) - Journal article
  • Blood, sex and trust: : The limits of the population-based risk management paradigm 

    Kesby, Mike; Sothern, Matthew Barry (2014-03) - Journal article
    Blood screening is imperfect so Donor Health Check questionnaires (DHC) are used to defer those whose ‘behaviour’ suggests disproportionate risk of Blood Borne Infection (BBI). Taking the UK case, we compare deferment of ...
  • Body mass index relates weight to height differently in women and older adults : serial cross-sectional surveys in England (1992–2011) 

    Sperrin, Matthew; Marshall, Alan David; Higgins, Vanessa; Renehan, Andrew; Buchan, Iain E. (2015-06-01) - Journal article
    Background Body mass index (BMI) tends to be higher among shorter adults, especially women. The dependence of BMI–height correlation on age and calendar time may inform us about temporal determinants of BMI. Methods Series ...
  • Brain swelling and death in children with cerebral malaria 

    Seydel, Karl B; Kampondeni, Samuel D; Valim, Clarissa; Potchen, Michael J; Milner, Danny A; Muwalo, Francis W; Birbeck, Gretchen L; Bradley, William G; Fox, Lindsay L; Glover, Simon J; Hammond, Colleen A; Heyderman, Robert S; Chilingulo, Cowles A; Molyneux, Malcolm E; Taylor, Terrie E (2015-03-19) - Journal article
    Case fatality rates among African children with cerebral malaria remain in the range of 15 to 25%. The key pathogenetic processes and causes of death are unknown, but a combination of clinical observations and pathological ...
  • Brief interventions for reducing violence : a rapid review of evaluations and recommendations 

    Neville, Fergus Gilmour; Goodall, Christine; Williams, Damien John; Donnelly, Peter Duncan (2014-11-19) - Journal item
  • The broader impact of walking to school among adolescents: a 7-day accelerometry based study 

    Alexander, LM; Inchley, Joanna Catherine; Todd, Joanna M; Currie, Dorothy Bruce; Cooper, Ashley R; Currie, Candace (2005-11-05) - Journal article
  • Can automated imaging for optic disc and retinal nerve fiber layer analysis aid glaucoma detection? 

    Banister, Katie; Boachie, Charles; Bourne, Rupert; Cook, Jonathan; Burr, Jennifer M.; Ramsay, Craig; Garway-Heath, David; Gray, Joanne; McMeekin, Peter; Hernández, Rodolfo; Azuara-Blanco, Augusto (2016-05) - Journal article
    Purpose: To compare the diagnostic performance of automated imaging for glaucoma. Design: Prospective, direct comparison study. Participants: Adults with suspected glaucoma or ocular hypertension referred to hospital eye ...
  • Cardiometabolic effects of genetic upregulation of the interleukin 1 receptor antagonist : a Mendelian randomisation analysis 

    Freitag, D.; Butterworth, A.S.; Willeit, P.; Howson, J.M.M.; Burgess, S.; Kaptoge, S.; Young, R.; Ho, W.K.; Wood, A.M.; Sweeting, M.; Spackman, S.; Staley, J.R.; Ramond, A.; Harshfield, E.; Nielsen, S.F.; Grande, P.; Lange, L.A.; Bown, M.J.; Jones, G.T.; Scott, R.A.; Bevan, S.; Porcu, E.; Thorleifsson, G.; Zeng, L.; Kessler, T.; Nikpay, M.; Do, R.; Zhang, W.; Hopewell, J.C.; Kleber, M.; Delgado, G.E.; Nelson, C.P.; Goel, A.; Bis, J.C.; Dehghan, A.; Ligthart, S.; Smith, A.V.; Qu, L.; van 't Hof, F.N.G.; de Bakker, P.I.W.; Baas, A.F.; van Rij, A.; Tromp, G.; Kuivaniemi, H.; Ritchie, M.D.; Verma, S.S.; Crawford, D.C.; Malinowski, J.; de Andrade, M.; Kullo, I.J.; Peissig, P.L.; McCarty, C.A.; Böttinger, E.P.; Gottesman, O.; Crosslin, D.R.; Carrell, D.S.; Rasmussen-Torvik, L.J.; Pacheco, J.A.; Huang, J.; Timpson, N.J.; Kettunen, J.; Ala-Korpela, M.; Mitchell, G.F.; Parsa, A.; Wilkinson, I.B.; Gorski, M.; Li, Y.; Franceschini, N.; Keller, M.F.; Ganesh, S.K.; Langefeld, C.D.; Bruijn, L.; Brown, M.A.; Evans, D.M.; Baltic, S.; Ferreira, M.A.; Baurecht, H.; Weidinger, S.; Franke, A.; Lubitz, S.A.; Müller-Nurasyid, M.; Felix, J.F.; Smith, N.L.; Sudman, M.; Thompson, S.D.; Zeggini, E.; Panoutsopoulou, K.; Nalls, M.A.; Singleton, A.; Polychronakos, C.; Bradfield, J.P.; Hakonarson, H.; Easton, D.F.; Thompson, D.; Tomlinson, I.P.; Dunlop, M.; Hemminki, K.; Morgan, G.; Eisen, T.; Goldschmidt, H.; Allan, J.M.; Henrion, M.; Whiffin, N.; Wang, Y.; Chubb, D.; Iles, M.M.; Bishop, D.T.; Law, M.H.; Hayward, N.K.; Luo, Y.; Nejentsev, S.; Barbalic, M.; Crossman, D.; Sanna, S.; Soranzo, N.; Markus, H.S.; Wareham, N.J.; Rader, D.J.; Reilly, M.; Assimes, T.; Harris, T.B.; Hofman, A.; Franco, O.H.; Gudnason, V.; Tracy, R.; Psaty, B.M.; Farrall, M.; Watkins, H.; Hall, A.S.; Samani, N.J.; März, W.; Clarke, R.; Collins, R.; Kooner, J.S.; Chambers, J.C.; Kathiresan, S.; McPherson, R.; Erdmann, J.; Kastrati, A.; Schunkert, H.; Stefánsson, K.; Thorsteinsdottir, U.; Walston, J.D.; Tybjærg-Hansen, A.; Alam, D.S.; Al Shafi Majumder, A.; Angelantonio, E.D.; Chowdhury, R.; Nordestgaard, B.G.; Saleheen, D.; Thompson, S.G.; Danesh, J.; Houlston, R.S. (2015-04-01) - Journal article
    To investigate potential cardiovascular and other effects of long-term pharmacological interleukin 1 (IL-1) inhibition, we studied genetic variants that produce inhibition of IL-1, a master regulator of inflammation. ...
  • Changes in child exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (CHETS) study after implementation of smoke-free legislation in Scotland: national cross sectional survey 

    Akhtar, P C; Currie, Dorothy Bruce; Currie, Candace Evelyn (2007-09-13) - Journal article
    Objective To detect any change in exposure to secondhand smoke among primary schoolchildren after implementation of smoke-free legislation in Scotland in March 2006. Design Comparison of nationally representative, cross ...
  • Cohort differences in the levels and trajectories of frailty among older people in England 

    Marshall, Alan David; Nazroo, James; Tampubolon, Gindo; Vanhoutte, Bram (2015-04) - Journal article
    Background The level of frailty in the older population across age cohorts and how this changes is a factor in determining future care costs and may also influence the extent of socioeconomic and gender inequalities in ...
  • Community-acquired pneumonia and tuberculosis : differential diagnosis and the use of fluoroquinolones 

    Grossman, R.F.; Hsueh, P.-R.; Gillespie, S.H.; Blasi, F. (2014-01-01) - Journal article
    The respiratory fluoroquinolones moxifloxacin, gemifloxacin, and high-dose levofloxacin are recommended in guidelines for effective empirical antimicrobial therapy of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). The use of these ...
  • A comparison of hypertension healthcare outcomes among older people in the USA and England 

    Marshall, Alan David; Nazroo, James; Feeney, Kevin; Lee, Jinkook; Vanhoutte, Bram; Pendleton, Neil (2015) - Journal article
    Background The US and England have very different health systems. Comparing hypertension care outcomes in each country enables an evaluation of the effectiveness of each system. Method The English Longitudinal Study of ...
  • Development of a multilocus sequence typing scheme for the molecular typing of Mycoplasma pneumoniae 

    Brown, Rebecca J.; Holden, Matthew; Spiller, O. Brad; Chalker, Victoria J. (2015-10) - Journal article
    Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a major human respiratory pathogen causing both upper and lower respiratory disease in humans of all ages, and it can also result in other serious extrapulmonary sequelae. A multilocus sequence ...
  • Do low-income neighbourhoods have the least green space? : a cross-sectional study of Australia's most populous cities 

    Astell-Burt, Thomas; Feng, Xiaoqi; Mavoa, Suzanne; Badland, Hannah M; Giles-Corti, Billie (2014-03-31) - Journal article
    An inequitable distribution of parks and other 'green spaces' could exacerbate health inequalities if people on lower incomes, who are already at greater risk of preventable diseases, have poorer access.
  • Does exposure to cigarette brands increase the likelihood of adolescent e-cigarette use? A cross-sectional study 

    Best, Catherine; van der Sluijs, Winfried; Haseen, Farhana; Eadie, Douglas; MacKintosh, Anne Marie; Pearce, Jamie; Tisch, Catherine; MacGregor, Andy; Amos, Amanda; Miller, Martine; Frank, John; Haw, Sally (2016-02-23) - Journal article
    Objective: To examine the relationship between tobacco cigarette brand recognition and e-cigarette use in adolescents. Design: Cross-sectional observational study Setting: High schools in Scotland Participants: Questionnaires ...