Now showing items 1-20 of 21

  • Assessing the effectiveness of conservation measures : resolving the "wicked" problem of the Steller sea lion 

    Boyd, Ian Lamont (2010-07) - Journal article
    “Wicked” problems are those that are complex and that change when solutions are applied. Many conflicts in conservation fall in to this category. The study approached the problem of how to constrain the apparent wickedness ...
  • Assigning stranded bottlenose dolphins to source stocks using stable isotope ratios following the Deepwater Horizon oil spill 

    Hohn, A. A.; Thomas, L.; Carmichael, R. H.; Litz, J.; Clemons-Chevis, C.; Shippee, S. F.; Sinclair, C.; Smith, S.; Speakman, T. R.; Tumlin, M. C.; Zolman, E. S. (2017-01-31) - Journal article
    The potential for stranded dolphins to serve as a tool for monitoring free-ranging populations would be enhanced if their stocks of origin were known. We used stable isotopes of carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur from skin to ...
  • Bridging the gap in marine and terrestrial studies 

    Munguia, Pablo; Ojanguren, A. F. (2015-02) - Journal article
    Ecologists are interested in understanding natural phenomena and strive to make comparisons across systems to better understand broad ecological processes and patterns. Recent reviews showcased how marine and terrestrial ...
  • Can methods applied in medicine be used to summarize and disseminate conservation research? 

    Fazey, Ioan Raymond Albert; Salisbury, J G; Lindenmayer, D B; Maindonald, J; Douglas, R (2004-09) - Journal article
    To ensure that the best scientific evidence is available to guide conservation action, effective mechanisms for communicating the results of research are necessary. In medicine, an evidence-based approach assists doctors ...
  • Comparative estuarine dynamics : trophic linkages and ecosystem function 

    Kenworthy, Joseph (University of St Andrews, 2016-02-01) - Thesis
    Estuarine systems are of crucial importance to the provision of goods and services on a global scale. High human population densities in coastal systems have caused an increasing input of pollutants, of which nutrient ...
  • The Deepwater Horizon oil spill marine mammal injury assessment 

    Takeshita, Ryan; Sullivan, Laurie; Smith, Cynthia; Collier, Tracy; Hall, Ailsa; Brosnan, Tom; Rowles, Teri; Schwacke, Lori (2017-01-31) - Journal item
    From 2010 to 2015, a team of scientists studied how the BP Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil spill affected marine mammals inhabiting the northern Gulf of Mexico, as part of the DWH Natural Resource Damage Assessment process. ...
  • Detection and removal of disturbance trends in tree-ring series for dendroclimatology 

    Rydval, Miloš; Druckenbrod, Daniel; Anchukaitis, Kevin J.; Wilson, Rob (2016-03) - Journal article
    Nonclimatic disturbance events are an integral element in the history of forests. Although the identification of the occurrence and duration of such events may help to understand environmental history and landscape change, ...
  • Enduring voice recognition in bonobos 

    Keenan, Sumir; Mathevon, Nicolas; Stevens, Jeroen M. G.; Guéry, Jean Pascal; Zuberbühler, Klaus; Levréro, Florence (2016-02-25) - Journal article
    Long-term social recognition is vital for species with complex social networks, where familiar individuals can encounter one another after long periods of separation. For non-human primates who live in dense forest ...
  • Enhanced pelagic biomass around coral atolls 

    Letessier, Tom B.; Cox, Martin J.; Meeuwig, Jessica J.; Boersch-Supan, Philipp H.; Brierley, Andrew Stuart (2016-03-21) - Journal article
    Understanding the processes driving the distribution of mid-water prey such as euphausiids and lanternfish is important for effective management and conservation. In the vicinity of abrupt topographic features such as ...
  • The evolutionary ecology of the Lygaeidae 

    Burdfield-Steel, Emily R.; Shuker, David M. (2014-06) - Journal item
    The Lygaeidae (sensu lato) are a highly successful family of true bugs found worldwide, yet many aspects of their ecology and evolution remain obscure or unknown. While a few species have attracted considerable attention ...
  • Exotic invaders gain foraging benefits by shoaling with native fish 

    Camacho Cervantes, Morelia; Macias Garcia, Constantino De Jesus; Ojanguren, Alfredo Fernandez; Magurran, Anne (2014-11-19) - Journal article
    Freshwater habitats are under increasing threat due to invasions of exotic fish. These invasions typically begin with the introduction of small numbers of individuals unfamiliar with the new habitat. One way in which the ...
  • Impacts of anthropogenic noise on marine life : publication patterns, new discoveries, and future directions in research and management 

    Williams, Robert; Wright, Andrew J; Ashe, Erin; Blight, LK; Bruintjes, R; Canessa, R; Clark, CW; Cullis-Suzuki, S; Dakin, DT; Erbe, C; Hammond, Philip Steven; Merchant, MD; O'Hara, PD; Purser, J; Radford, AN; Simpson, SD; Thomas, Len; Wale, MA (2015-10) - Journal article
    Anthropogenic underwater noise is now recognized as a world-wide problem, and recent studies have shown a broad range of negative effects in a variety of taxa. Underwater noise from shipping is increasingly recognized as ...
  • Light-dependant biostabilisation of sediments by stromatolite assemblages 

    Paterson, David Maxwell; Aspden, R J; Visscher, P T; Consalvey, M; Andres, M; Decho, A W; Stolz, J; Reid, P R (2008) - Journal article
    For the first time we have investigated the natural ecosystem engineering capacity of stromatolitic microbial assemblages. Stromatolites are laminated sedimentary structures formed by microbial activity and are considered ...
  • Quantifying injury to common bottlenose dolphins from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill using an age-, sex- and class-structured population model 

    Schwacke, Lori H.; Thomas, Len; Wells, Randall S.; McFee, Wayne E.; Hohn, Aleta A.; Mullin, Keith D.; Zolman, Eric S.; Quigley, Brian M.; Rowles, Teri K.; Schwacke, John H. (2017-01-31) - Journal article
    Field studies documented increased mortality, adverse health effects, and reproductive failure in common bottlenose dolphins Tursiops truncatus following the Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil spill. In order to determine the ...
  • Spatial variation in foraging behaviour of a marine top predator (Phoca vitulina) determined by a large-scale satellite tagging program 

    Sharples, Ruth Jemma; Moss, Simon E; Patterson, Toby A; Hammond, Philip Steven (2012-05-21) - Journal article
    The harbour seal (Phoca vitulina) is a widespread marine predator in Northern Hemisphere waters. British populations have been subject to rapid declines in recent years. Food supply or inter-specific competition may be ...
  • Sperm whale diet variation by sex, location, year, social group and clan : Evidence from stable isotopes 

    Marcoux, M; Whitehead, H; Rendell, Luke Edward (2007) - Journal article
    We studied the diet of sperm whales Physeter macrocephalus by measuring carbon and nitrogen isotope ratios in 106 sloughed skin samples and 10 squid beaks (Histioteuthidae spp.), the latter collected from sperm whale ...
  • Sperm whales reduce foraging effort during exposure to 1-2 kH z sonar and killer whale sounds 

    Isojunno, Saana; Curé, Charlotte; Kvadsheim, Petter Helgevold; Lam, Frans-Peter Alexander; Tyack, Peter Lloyd; Wensveen, Paul Jacobus; Miller, Patrick James O'Malley (2016-02-08) - Journal article
    The time and energetic costs of behavioral responses to incidental and experimental sonar exposures, as well as control stimuli, were quantified using hidden state analysis of time series of acoustic and movement data ...
  • Spite and the scale of competition in Pseudomonas aeruginosa 

    Inglis, R. Fredrik; Roberts, Patrick Garfjeld; Gardner, Andy; Buckling, Angus (2011-08) - Journal article
    Scale of competition has been shown to be an important factor in shaping the evolution of social interactions. Although many theoretical and experimental studies have examined its effect on altruistic cooperation, relatively ...
  • Survival, density, and abundance of common bottlenose dolphins in Barataria Bay (USA) following the Deepwater Horizon oil spill 

    McDonald, Trent L.; Hornsby, Fawn E.; Speakman, Todd R.; Zolman, Eric S.; Mullin, Keith D.; Sinclair, Carrie; Rosel, Patricia E.; Thomas, Len; Schwacke, Lori H. (2017-01-31) - Journal article
    To assess potential impacts of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in April 2010, we conducted boat-based photo-identification surveys for common bottlenose dolphins Tursiops truncatus in Barataria Bay, Louisiana, USA (~230 ...
  • The transport of Icelandic volcanic ash: insights from northern European cryptotephra records 

    Watson, E. J.; Swindles, G. T.; Stevenson, J. A.; Savov, I.; Lawson, I. T. (2016-10-30) - Journal article
    Fine ash produced during volcanic eruptions can be dispersed over a vast area, where it poses a threat to aviation, human health, and infrastructure. We analyze the particle size distributions, geochemistry, and glass shard ...