Now showing items 1-16 of 16

    • Assessing Arctica islandica as a proxy for Scottish marine climate change 

      Stott, Keziah J. (University of St Andrews, 2014-06-25) - Thesis
      This thesis investigates the potential of the bivalve Arctica islandica (Linnaeus, 1767) from fjordic sites in NW Scotland for reconstructing past marine environmental /climatic variability. Using dendrochronological and ...
    • Decadal-interdecadal climate variability over Antarctica and linkages to the Tropics : analysis of ice core, instrumental, and tropical proxy data 

      Okumura, Yuko; Schneider, David; Deser, Clara; Wilson, Rob (2012-11-01) - Journal article
      The Antarctic continent contains the majority of the global ice volume and plays an important role in a changing climate. The nature and causes of Antarctic climate variability are, however, poorly understood beyond ...
    • Dendroclimatic reconstruction of late Holocene summer temperatures in the Scottish Highlands 

      Rydval, Miloš (University of St Andrews, 2016-06-22) - Thesis
      This thesis focuses on reconstructing past temperatures using Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) tree-ring chronologies developed from Scotland. The research aims to fill a spatial and temporal gap in understanding northwest ...
    • Detection and removal of disturbance trends in tree-ring series for dendroclimatology 

      Rydval, Miloš; Druckenbrod, Daniel; Anchukaitis, Kevin J.; Wilson, Rob (2016-03) - Journal article
      Nonclimatic disturbance events are an integral element in the history of forests. Although the identification of the occurrence and duration of such events may help to understand environmental history and landscape change, ...
    • Experiments based on blue intensity for reconstructing North Pacific temperatures along the Gulf of Alaska 

      Wilson, Rob; D'Arrigo, Rosanne; Andreu-Hayles, Laia; Oelkers, Rose; Wiles, Greg; Anchukaitis, Kevin; Davi, Nicole (2017-08-16) - Journal article
      Ring-width (RW) records from the Gulf of Alaska (GOA) have yielded a valuable long-term perspective for North Pacific changes on decadal to longer timescales in prior studies but contain a broad winter to late summer ...
    • Facilitating tree-ring dating of historic conifer timbers using Blue Intensity 

      Wilson, Rob; Wilson, David; Rydval, Miloš; Crone, Anne; Büntgen, Ulf; Clark, Sylvie; Ehmer, Janet; Forbes, Emma; Fuentes, Mauricio; Gunnarson, Björn E.; Linderholm, Hans W.; Nicolussi, Kurt; Wood, Cheryl Victoria; Mills, Coralie (2017-02) - Journal article
      Dendroarchaeology almost exclusively uses ring-width (RW) data for dating historical structures and artefacts. Such data can be used to date tree-ring sequences when regional climate dominates RW variability. However, the ...
    • Floodplain ecohydrology : climatic, anthropogenic, and local physical controls on partitioning of water sources to riparian trees 

      Singer, Michael Bliss; Sargeant, Christopher; Piegay, Herve; Riquier, Jeremie; Wilson, Rob; Evans, Cristina Megan (2014) - Journal article
      Seasonal and annual partitioning of water within river floodplains has important implications for ecohydrologic links between the water cycle and tree growth. Climatic and hydrologic shifts alter water distribution between ...
    • Influence of sampling and disturbance history on climatic sensitivity of temperature-limited conifers 

      Rydval, Miloš; Druckenbrod, Daniel L; Svoboda, Miroslav; Trotsiuk, Volodymyr; Janda, Pavel; Mikoláš, Martin; Čada, Vojtěch; Bače, Radek; Teodosiu, Marius; Wilson, Rob (2018-07-26) - Journal article
      Accurately capturing medium- to low-frequency trends in tree-ring data is vital to assessing climatic response and developing robust reconstructions of past climate. Non-climatic disturbance can affect growth trends in ...
    • Last millennium northern hemisphere summer temperatures from tree rings : Part I: The long term context 

      Wilson, Rob; Anchukaitis, Kevin; Briffa, Keith R.; Büntgen, Ulf; Cook, Edward; D'Arrigo, Rosanne; Davi, Nicole; Esper, Jan; Frank, Dave; Gunnarson, Björn; Hegerl, Gabi; Helama, Samuli; Klesse, Stefan; Krusic, Paul J.; Linderholm, Hans W.; Myglan, Vladimir; Osborn, Timothy J.; Rydval, Miloš; Schneider, Lea; Schurer, Andrew; Wiles, Greg; Zhang, Peng; Zorita, Eduardo (2016-02-15) - Journal item
      Large-scale millennial length Northern Hemisphere (NH) temperature reconstructions have been progressively improved over the last 20 years as new datasets have been developed. This paper, and its companion (Part II, ...
    • Last millennium Northern Hemisphere summer temperatures from tree rings : part II, spatially resolved reconstructions 

      Anchukaitis, Kevin J.; Wilson, Rob; Briffa, Keith R.; Büntgen, Ulf; Cook, Edward R.; D'Arrigo, Rosanne; Davi, Nicole; Esper, Jan; Frank, David; Gunnarson, Björn E.; Hegerl, Gabi; Helama, Samuli; Klesse, Stefan; Krusic, Paul J.; Linderholm, Hans W.; Myglan, Vladimir; Osborn, Timothy J.; Zhang, Peng; Rydval, Miloš; Schneider, Lea; Schurer, Andrew; Wiles, Greg; Zorita, Eduardo (2017-05-01) - Journal article
      Climate field reconstructions from networks of tree-ring proxy data can be used to characterize regional-scale climate changes, reveal spatial anomaly patterns associated with atmospheric circulation changes, radiative ...
    • Old World megadroughts and pluvials during the Common Era 

      Cook, Edward R.; Seager, Richard; Kushnir, Yochanan; Briffa, Keith R.; Büntgen, Ulf; Frank, David; Krusic, Paul J.; Tegel, Willy; van der Schrier, Gerard; Andreu-Hayles, Laia; Baillie, Mike; Baittinger, Claudia; Bleicher, Niels; Bonde, Niels; Brown, David; Carrer, Marco; Cooper, Richard; Čufar, Katarina; Dittmar, Christoph; Esper, Jan; Griggs, Carol; Gunnarson, Björn; Günther, Björn; Gutierrez, Emilia; Haneca, Kristof; Helama, Samuli; Herzig, Franz; Heussner, Karl-Uwe; Hofmann, Jutta; Janda, Pavel; Kontic, Raymond; Köse, Nesibe; Kyncl, Tomáš; Levaniv c, Tom; Linderholm, Hans; Manning, Sturt; Melvin, Thomas M.; Miles, Daniel; Neuwirth, Burkhard; Nicolussi, Kurt; Nola, Paola; Panayotov, Momchil; Popa, Ionel; Rothe, Andreas; Seftigen, Kristina; Seim, Andrea; Svarva, Helene; Svoboda, Miroslav; Thun, Terje; Timonen, Mauri; Touchan, Ramzi; Trotsiuk, Volodymyr; Trouet, Valerie; Walder, Felix; Wazny, Tomasz; Wilson, Rob; Zang, Christian (2015-11-06) - Journal article
      Climate model projections suggest widespread drying in the Mediterranean Basin and wetting in Fennoscandia in the coming decades largely as a consequence of greenhouse gas forcing of climate. To place these and other “Old ...
    • Reconstructing 800 years of summer temperatures in Scotland from tree rings 

      Rydval, Miloš; Loader, Neil J.; Gunnarson, Björn E.; Druckenbrod, Daniel L.; Linderholm, Hans W.; Moreton, Steven G.; Wood, Cheryl Victoria; Wilson, Rob (2017-11) - Journal article
      This study presents a summer temperature reconstruction using Scots pine tree-ring chronologies for Scotland allowing the placement of current regional temperature changes in a longer-term context. ‘Living-tree’ chronologies ...
    • Spatial reconstruction of Scottish summer temperatures from tree rings 

      Rydval, Miloš; Gunnarson, Björn E.; Loader, Neil J.; Cook, Edward R.; Druckenbrod, Daniel L.; Wilson, Rob (2017-03-15) - Journal article
      A detailed understanding of past temporal patterns and spatial expression of temperature variations is important to place recent anthropogenic climate change into a longer term context. In order to fill the current gap in ...
    • Tree rings reveal globally coherent signature of cosmogenic radiocarbon events in 774 and 993 CE 

      Büntgen, Ulf; Wacker, Lukas; Galván, J. Diego; Arnold, Stephanie; Arseneault, Dominique; Baillie, Michael; Beer, Jürg; Bernabei, Mauro; Bleicher, Niels; Boswijk, Gretel; Bräuning, Achim; Carrer, Marco; Ljungqvist, Fredrik Charpentier; Cherubini, Paolo; Christl, Marcus; Christie, Duncan A.; Clark, Peter W.; Cook, Edward R.; D’Arrigo, Rosanne; Davi, Nicole; Eggertsson, Ólafur; Esper, Jan; Fowler, Anthony M.; Gedalof, Ze’ev; Gennaretti, Fabio; Grießinger, Jussi; Grissino-Mayer, Henri; Grudd, Håkan; Gunnarson, Björn E.; Hantemirov, Rashit; Herzig, Franz; Hessl, Amy; Heussner, Karl-Uwe; Jull, A. J. Timothy; Kukarskih, Vladimir; Kirdyanov, Alexander; Kolář, Tomáš; Krusic, Paul J.; Kyncl, Tomáš; Lara, Antonio; LeQuesne, Carlos; Linderholm, Hans W.; Loader, Neil J.; Luckman, Brian; Miyake, Fusa; Myglan, Vladimir S.; Nicolussi, Kurt; Oppenheimer, Clive; Palmer, Jonathan; Panyushkina, Irina; Pederson, Neil; Rybníček, Michal; Schweingruber, Fritz H.; Seim, Andrea; Sigl, Michael; Churakova (Sidorova), Olga; Speer, James H.; Synal, Hans-Arno; Tegel, Willy; Treydte, Kerstin; Villalba, Ricardo; Wiles, Greg; Wilson, Rob; Winship, Lawrence J.; Wunder, Jan; Yang, Bao; Young, Giles H. F. (2018-09-06) - Journal article
      Though tree-ring chronologies are annually resolved, their dating has never been independently validated at the global scale. Moreover, it is unknown if atmospheric radiocarbon enrichment events of cosmogenic origin ...
    • Validating a calcium tracer based tree-ring dating method for tropical wood 

      Wood, Cheryl Victoria (University of St Andrews, 2014-04-04) - Thesis
      The tropics are a key part of the global biosphere. Specifically, the woodland environments not only moderate large scale climate dynamics, but are also crucial in the global carbon cycle. Despite this, tropical ...
    • Volcanic cooling signal in tree ring temperature records for the past millennium 

      D'Arrigo, Rosanne; Wilson, Rob; Anchukaitis, Kevin J. (2013-08-27) - Journal article
      Tree rings are an important proxy for understanding the timing and environmental consequences of volcanic eruptions as they are precisely dated at annual resolution and, particularly in tree line regions of the world, ...