Now showing items 1-20 of 158

  • 50-Year Anniversary of Papers by Cormack, Jolly and Seber 

    Buckland, Stephen Terrence; Morgan, Byron J T (2016-05) - Journal item
  • Acoustic and foraging behavior of a Baird’s beaked whale, Berardius bairdii, exposed to simulated sonar 

    Stimpert, Alison; De Ruiter, Stacy Lynn; Southall, Brandon; Moretti, David; Falcone, Erin; Goldbogen, Jeremy; Friedlaender, Ari; Schorr, Greg; Calambokidis, John (2014-11-13) - Journal article
    Beaked whales are hypothesized to be particularly sensitive to anthropogenic noise, based on previous strandings and limited experimental and observational data. However, few species have been studied in detail. We describe ...
  • Acoustic sequences in non-human animals : a tutorial review and prospectus 

    Kershenbaum, Arik; Blumstein, Dan; Roch, Marie; Akçay, Çaglar; Backus, Gregory; Bee, Mark A.; Bohn, Kirsten; Cao, Yan; Carter, Gerald; Cäsar, Cristiane; Coen, Michael; De Ruiter, Stacy Lynn; Doyle, Laurance; Edelman, Shimon; Ferrer-i-Cancho, Ramon; Freeberg, Todd M.; Garland, Ellen Clare; Gustison, Morgan; Harley, Heidi E.; Huetz, Chloé; Hughes, Melissa; Bruno, Julia Hyland; Ilany, Amiyaal; Jin, Dezhe Z.; Johnson, Michael; Ju, Chenghui; Karnowski, Jeremy; Lohr, Bernard; Manser, Marta; McCowan, Brenda; Mercado III, Eduardo; Narins, Peter M.; Piel, Alex; Rice, Megan; Salmi, Roberta; Sasahara, Kazutoshi; Sayigh, Laela; Shiu, Yu; Taylor, Charles; Vallejo, Edgar E.; Waller, Sara; Zamora-Gutierrez, Veronica (2014) - Journal article
    Animal acoustic communication often takes the form of complex sequences, made up of multiple distinct acoustic units. Apart from the well-known example of birdsong, other animals such as insects, amphibians,and mammals ...
  • Active region emission measure distributions and implications for nanoflare heating 

    Cargill, P.J. (2014-03-20) - Journal article
    The temperature dependence of the emission measure (EM) in the core of active regions coronal loops is an important diagnostic of heating processes. Observations indicate that EM(T) ~ T a below approximately 4 MK, with 2 < ...
  • Adventures in applying iteration lemmas 

    Pfeiffer, Markus Johannes (University of St Andrews, 2013-06-28) - Thesis
    The word problem of a finitely generated group is commonly defined to be a formal language over a finite generating set. The class of finite groups has been characterised as the class of finitely generated groups that ...
  • Analysing mark-recapture-recovery data in the presence of missing covariate data via multiple imputation 

    Worthington, Hannah; King, Ruth; Buckland, Stephen Terrence (2015-03) - Journal article
    We consider mark–recapture–recovery data with additional individual time-varying continuous covariate data. For such data it is common to specify the model parameters, and in particular the survival probabilities, as a ...
  • An approximate Bayesian method applied to estimating the trajectories of four British grey seal (Halichoerus grypus) populations from pup counts. 

    Lonergan, Michael Edward; Thompson, David; Thomas, Leonard Joseph; Duck, Callan David (2011) - Journal article
    1. For British grey seals, as with many pinniped species, population monitoring is implemented by aerial surveys of pups at breeding colonies. Scaling pup counts up to population estimates requires assumptions about ...
  • Avoidance of wind farms by harbour seals is limited to pile driving activities 

    Russell, Deborah Jill; Hastie, Gordon Drummond; Thompson, David; Janik, Vincent M.; Hammond, Philip Steven; Scott-Hayward, Lindesay Alexandra Sarah; Matthiopoulos, Jason; Jones, Esther Lane; McConnell, Bernie J (2016-05-23) - Journal article
    1. As part of global efforts to reduce dependence on carbon-based energy sources there has been a rapid increase in the installation of renewable energy devices. The installation and operation of these devices can result ...
  • Backward wave cyclotron-maser emission in the auroral magnetosphere 

    Speirs, D. C.; Bingham, R.; Cairns, R. A.; Vorgul, I.; Kellett, B. J.; Phelps, A. D. R.; Ronald, K. (2014-10-07) - Journal article
    In this Letter, we present theory and particle-in-cell simulations describing cyclotron radio emission from Earth's auroral region and similar phenomena in other astrophysical environments. In particular, we find that the ...
  • A Bayesian approach to fitting Gibbs processes with temporal random effects 

    King, Ruth; Illian, Janine Baerbel; King, Stuart Edward; Nightingale, Glenna Faith; Hendrichsen, Ditte (2012-12) - Journal article
    We consider spatial point pattern data that have been observed repeatedly over a period of time in an inhomogeneous environment. Each spatial point pattern can be regarded as a “snapshot” of the underlying point process ...
  • Bayesian hierarchical modelling of continuous non-negative longitudinal data with a spike at zero : an application to a study of birds visiting gardens in winter 

    Swallow, Benjamin Thomas; Buckland, Stephen Terrence; King, Ruth; Toms, Mike (2015) - Journal article
    The development of methods for dealing with continuous data with a spike at zero has lagged behind those for overdispersed or zero-inflated count data. We consider longitudinal ecological data corresponding to an annual ...
  • Bayesian methods for hierarchical distance sampling models 

    Oedekoven, Cornelia Sabrina; Buckland, Stephen Terrence; MacKenzie, Monique Lea; King, Ruth; Evans, Kristine; Burger, Wes (2014-06-01) - Journal article
    The few distance sampling studies that use Bayesian methods typically consider only line transect sampling with a half-normal detection function. We present a Bayesian approach to analyse distance sampling data applicable ...
  • Blue whales respond to simulated mid-frequency military sonar 

    Goldbogen, Jeremy A.; Southall, Brandon L.; De Ruiter, Stacy Lynn; Calambokidis, John; Friedlaender, Ari S.; Hazen, Elliott L.; Falcone, Erin A.; Schorr, Gregory S.; Douglas, Annie; Moretti, David J.; Kyburg, Chris; McKenna, Megan F.; Tyack, Peter Lloyd (2013) - Journal article
    Mid-frequency military (1–10 kHz) sonars have been associated with lethal mass strandings of deep-diving toothed whales, but the effects on endangered baleen whale species are virtually unknown. Here, we used controlled ...
  • Capture-recapture abundance estimation using a semi-complete data likelihood approach 

    King, Ruth; T. McClintock, Brett; Kidney, Darren; Borchers, David (2016-03) - Journal article
    Capture-recapture data are often collected when abundance estimation is of interest. In the presence of unobserved individual heterogeneity, specified on a continuous scale for the capture probabilities, the likelihood is ...
  • Cetacean abundance and distribution in European Atlantic shelf waters to inform conservation and management 

    Hammond, Philip Steven; Macleod, Kelly; Berggren, Per; Borchers, David Louis; Burt, M Louise; Cañadas, Ana; Desportes, Genevieve; Donovan, Greg P; Gilles, Anita; Gillespie, Douglas Michael; Gordon, Jonathan Charles David; Hiby, Lex; Kuklik, Iwona; Leaper, Russell; Lehnert, Kristina; Leopold, Mardik; Lovell, Philip; Øien, Nils; Paxton, Charles G. M.; Ridoux, Vincent; Rogan, Emer; Samarra, Filipa Isabel Pereira; Scheidat, Meike; Sequeira, Marina; Siebert, Ursula; Skov, Henrik; Swift, Rene James; Tasker, Mark; Teilmann, Jonas; Van Canneyt, Olivier; Vázquez, José Antonio (2013-08) - Journal article
    The European Union (EU) Habitats Directive requires Member States to monitor and maintain at favourable conservation status those species identified to be in need of protection, including all cetaceans. In July 2005 we ...
  • Chronic exposure to imidacloprid increases neuronal vulnerability to mitochondrial dysfunction in the bumblebee (Bombus terrestris) 

    Moffat, C.; Goncalves Pacheco, J.; Sharpe, S.; Samson, A.J.; Bollan, K.A.; Huang, J.; Buckland, Stephen Terrence; Connolly, C.N. (2015-05) - Journal article
    The global decline in the abundance and diversity of insect pollinators could result from habitat loss, disease, and pesticide exposure. The contribution of the neonicotinoid insecticides (e.g., clothianidin and imidacloprid) ...
  • Combining individual animal movement and ancillary biotelemetry data to investigate population-level activity budgets 

    McClintock, Brett Thomas; Russell, Deborah Jill Fraser; Matthiopoulos, Jason; King, Ruth (2013-04-01) - Journal article
    Recent technological advances have permitted the collection of detailed animal location and ancillary biotelemetry data that facilitate inference about animal movement and associated behaviors. However, these rich sources ...
  • Comparing pre- and post-construction distributions of long-tailed ducks Clangula hyemalis in and around the Nysted offshore wind farm, Denmark : a quasi-designed experiment accounting for imperfect detection, local surface features and autocorrelation 

    Petersen, Ib Krag; MacKenzie, Monique Lea; Rexstad, Eric; Wisz, Mary S.; Fox, Anthony D. (University of St Andrews, 2011) - Report
    We report a novel technique to model abundance patterns of wintering seaducks in relation to the construction of an offshore wind farm (OWF) based on seven years of aerial survey transect data. Distance sampling was used ...
  • Complex Region Spatial Smoother (CReSS) 

    Scott Hayward, Lindesay Alexandra Sarah; MacKenzie, Monique Lea; Donovan, Carl Robert; Walker, Cameron; Ashe, Erin (University of St Andrews, 2011) - Report
    Conventional smoothing over complicated coastal and island regions may result in errors across boundaries, due to the use of Euclidean distances to represent inter-point similarity. The new Complex Region Spatial Smoother ...
  • Consistency in eyewitness reports of aquatic "monsters" 

    Paxton, Charles George Mackay; Shine, Adrian J. (2016-03-15) - Journal article
    Little work has been undertaken on the consistency/repeatabilityof reports of natural historical anomalies. Such information is usefulin understanding the reporting process associated with such accountsand distinguishing ...