Now showing items 48-67 of 162

  • Evolutionary dynamics of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus within a healthcare system 

    Hsu, Li-Yang; Harris, Simon R; Chlebowicz, Monika A; Lindsay, Jodi A; Koh, Tse-Hsien; Krishnan, Prabha; Tan, Thean-Yen; Hon, Pei-Yun; Grubb, Warren B; Bentley, Stephen D; Parkhill, Julian; Peacock, Sharon J; Holden, Matthew Tg (2015-04-23) - Journal article
    Background In the past decade, several countries have seen gradual replacement of endemic multi-resistant healthcare-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) with clones that are more susceptible to ...
  • An experimental trial exploring the impact of continuous transdermal alcohol monitoring upon alcohol consumption in a cohort of male students 

    Neville, Fergus Gilmour; Williams, Damien John; Goodall, Christine; Murer, Jeffrey Stevenson; Donnelly, Peter Duncan (2013-06-25) - Journal article
    Objective: To examine the impact of continuous transdermal alcohol monitoring upon alcohol consumption in male students at a Scottish university. Method: Using a within-subject mixed-methods design, 60 male university ...
  • Exploring and explaining low participation in physical activity among children and young people with asthma: a review 

    Williams, Brian; Powell, Alison; Hoskins, Gaylor; Neville, Ron (2008-06-30) - Journal item
    Background: Asthma is the most common chronic illness among children and accounts for 1 in 5 of all child GP consultations. This paper reviews and discusses recent literature outlining the growing problem of physical ...
  • Factors influencing mothers' decisions on whether to provide seafood during early years’ feeding : a qualitative study 

    Carstairs, Sharon A.; Craig, Leone C. A.; Marais, Debbi; Kiezebrink, Kirsty (2017-01-01) - Journal article
    The first year of a child's life is a key period of transition from an exclusive milk diet to solid foods to meet growing nutritional demands. An increased requirement for nutrients includes the introduction of protein-rich ...
  • Factors underlying Ebola virus infection among health workers, Kenema, Sierra Leone, 2014-2015 

    Senga, Mikiko; Pringle, Kimberly; Ramsay, Andrew; Brett-Major, David M.; Fowler, Robert A.; French, Issa; Vandi, Mohamed; Sellu, Josephine; Pratt, Christian; Saidu, Josephine; Shindo, Nahoko; Bausch, Daniel G.; for the Sierra Leone Kenema District Task Force and Kenema General Hospital (2016-08-15) - Journal article
    Background. Ebola virus disease (EVD) in health workers (HWs) has been a major challenge during the 2014-2015 outbreak. We examined factors associated with Ebola virus exposure and mortality in HWs in Kenema District, ...
  • The feasibility of using pedometers and brief advice to increase activity in sedentary older women - a pilot study 

    Sugden, Jacqui A.; Sniehotta, Falko F.; Donnan, Peter T.; Boyle, Paul; Johnston, Derek W.; McMurdo, Marion E. T. (2008-08-08) - Journal article
    Background: People over the age of 70 carry the greatest burden of chronic disease, disability and health care use. Participation in physical activity is crucial for health, and walking accounts for much of the physical ...
  • The food retail environment in school neighborhoods and its relation to lunchtime eating behaviors in youth from three countries 

    Héroux, Mariane; Iannotti, Ronald J; Currie, Dorothy Bruce; William Pickett, William; Janssen, Ian (2012-11) - Journal article
    This study examined the relation between the chain food retail environment surrounding schools, youths' lunchtime eating behavior, and youths' obesity levels across three countries. Participants consisted of 26,778 students ...
  • Generation Scotland: the Scottish Family Health Study; a new resource for researching genes and heritability 

    Smith, Blair H.; Campbell, Harry; Blackwood, Douglas; Connell, John; Connor, Mike; Deary, Ian J.; Dominiczak, Anna F.; Fitzpatrick, Bridie; Ford, Ian; Jackson, Catherine Miriam; Haddow, Gillian; Kerr, Shona; Lindsay, Robert; McGilchrist, Mark; Morton, Robin; Murray, Graeme; Palmer, Colin N. A.; Pell, Jill P.; Ralston, Stuart H.; St Clair, David; Sullivan, Frank; Watt, Graham; Wolf, Roland; Wright, Alan; Porteous, David; Morris, Andrew D. (2006-10-02) - Journal article
    Background: Generation Scotland: the Scottish Family Health Study aims to identify genetic variants accounting for variation in levels of quantitative traits underlying the major common complex diseases (such as cardiovascular ...
  • Genetic determinants of the pharmacokinetic variability of rifampin in Malawian adults with pulmonary tuberculosis 

    Sloan, Derek J.; McCallum, Andrew D.; Schipani, Alessandro; Egan, Deirdre; Mwandumba, Henry C.; Ward, Steve A.; Waterhouse, David; Banda, Gertrude; Allain, Theresa J.; Owen, Andrew; Khoo, Saye H.; Davies, Geraint R. (2017-07-01) - Journal article
    Variable exposure to antituberculosis (TB) drugs, partially driven by genetic factors, may be associated with poor clinical outcomes. Previous studies have suggested an influence of the SLCO1B1 locus on the plasma area ...
  • Gestational weight gain standards based on the women enrolled in the Fetal Growth Longitudinal Study of the INTERGROWTH-21st Project : a prospective longitudinal cohort study 

    Ismail, Leila Cheikh; Bishop, Deborah C; Pang, Ruyan; Ohuma, Eric O; Kac, Gilberto; Abrams, Barbara; Rasmussen, Kathleen; Barros, Fernando C; Hirst, Jane; Lambert, Ann; Papageorghiou, Aris T; Stones, William; Jaffer, Yasmin A; Altman, Douglas G; Noble, J Alison; Giolito, Maria Rosa; Gravett, Michael G; Purwar, Manorama; Kennedy, Stephen H; Bhutta, Zulfiqar A; Villar, José (2016-02-29) - Journal article
    OBJECTIVE To describe maternal gestational weight gain (GWG) patterns in healthy pregnancies with good maternal and perinatal outcomes of women enrolled in the Fetal Growth Longitudinal Study of the INTERGROWTH-21st Project. ...
  • Global and regional burden of first-ever ischaemic and haemorrhagic stroke during 1990-2010 : findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 

    Krishnamurthi, R.V.; Feigin, V.L.; Forouzanfar, M.H.; Mensah, G.A.; Connor, M.; Bennett, D.A.; Moran, A.E.; Sacco, R.L.; Anderson, Laurie M.; Truelsen, T.; O'Donnell, M.; Venketasubramanian, N.; Barker-Collo, S.; Lawes, C.M.M.; Wang, W.; Shinohara, Y.; Witt, E.; Ezzati, M.; Naghavi, M.; Murray, C. (2013-11-01) - Journal article
    Background: The burden of ischaemic and haemorrhagic stroke varies between regions and over time. With differences in prognosis, prevalence of risk factors, and treatment strategies, knowledge of stroke pathological type ...
  • Global and regional dissemination and evolution of Burkholderia pseudomallei 

    Chewapreecha, Claire; Holden, Matthew T. G.; Vehkala, Minna; Välimäki, Niko; Yang, Zhirong; Harris, Simon R.; Mather, Alison E.; Tuanyok, Apichai; De Smet, Birgit; Le Hello, Simon; Bizet, Chantal; Mayo, Mark; Wuthiekanun, Vanaporn; Limmathurotsakul, Direk; Phetsouvanh, Rattanaphone; Spratt, Brian G.; Corander, Jukka; Keim, Paul; Dougan, Gordon; Dance, David A. B.; Currie, Bart J.; Parkhill, Julian; Peacock, Sharon J. (2017-01-23) - Journal article
    The environmental bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei causes an estimated 165,000 cases of human melioidosis per year worldwide and is also classified as a biothreat agent. We used whole genome sequences of 469 B. pseudomallei ...
  • Health professionals' experiences of tuberculosis cohort audit in the North West of England : a qualitative study 

    Wallis, Selina K.; Jehan, Kate; Woodhead, Mark; Cleary, Paul; Dee, Katie; Farrow, Stacey; McMaster, Paddy; Wake, Carolyn; Walker, Jenny; Sloan, Derek James; Squire, S. B. (2016-03-16) - Journal article
    Objectives. Tuberculosis cohort audit (TBCA) was introduced across the North West (NW) of England in 2012 as an ongoing, multidisciplinary, systematic case review process, designed to improve clinical and public health ...
  • Health reform and mortality in China : multilevel time-series analysis of regional and socioeconomic inequities in a sample of 73 million 

    Astell-Burt, Thomas Edward; Liu, Yunning; Feng, Xiaoqi; Yin, Peng; Page, Andrew; Liu, Shiwei; Liu, Jiangmei; Wang, Lijun; Zhou, Maigeng (2015-10-15) - Journal article
    China's 2009 expansion of universal health insurance has received global interest, but little empirical investigation. This epidemiological study was a first attempt to assess potential impacts on population health and ...
  • Hepatitis B virus infection as a neglected tropical disease 

    O’Hara, Geraldine A.; McNaughton, Anna L.; Maponga, Tongai; Jooste, Pieter; Ocama, Ponsiano; Chilengi, Roma; Mokaya, Jolynne; Liyayi, Mitchell I.; Wachira, Tabitha; Gikungi, David M.; Burbridge, Lela; O’Donnell, Denise; Akiror, Connie S.; Sloan, Derek; Torimiro, Judith; Yindom, Louis Marie; Walton, Robert; Andersson, Monique; Marsh, Kevin; Newton, Robert; Matthews, Philippa C. (2017-10-05) - Journal article
  • High-dose rifampicin, moxifloxacin, and SQ109 for treating tuberculosis : a multi-arm, multi-stage randomised controlled trial 

    Boeree, Martin J.; Heinrich, Norbert; Aarnoutse, Rob; Diacon, Andreas H.; Dawson, Rodney; Rehal, Sunita; Kibiki, Gibson S.; Churchyard, Gavin; Sanne, Ian; Ntinginya, Nyanda E.; Minja, Lilian T.; Hunt, Robert D.; Charalambous, Salome; Hanekom, Madeleine; Semvua, Hadija H.; Mpagama, Stellah G.; Manyama, Christina; Mtafya, Bariki; Reither, Klaus; Wallis, Robert S.; Venter, Amour; Narunsky, Kim; Mekota, Anka; Henne, Sonja; Colbers, Angela; Plemper van Balen, Georgette; Gillespie, Stephen H.; Phillips, Patrick P. J.; Hoelscher, Michael (2017-01) - Journal article
    Background. Tuberculosis is the world's leading infectious disease killer. We aimed to identify shorter, safer drug regimens for the treatment of tuberculosis. Methods. We did a randomised controlled, open-label trial with ...
  • HIV coinfection influences the inflammatory response but not the outcome of cerebral malaria in Malawian children 

    Mbale, Emmie W.; Moxon, Christopher A.; Mukaka, Mavuto; Chagomerana, Maganizo; Glover, Simon; Chisala, Ngawina; Omar, Sofia; Molyneux, Malcolm; Seydel, Karl; Craig, Alister G.; Taylor, Terrie; Heyderman, Robert S.; Mallewa, Macpherson (2016-06-14) - Journal article
    Objectives. Study of the effect of HIV on disease progression in heterogeneous severe malaria syndromes with imprecise diagnostic criteria has led to varying results. Characteristic retinopathy refines cerebral malaria ...
  • Human resource inequalities at the base of India's public health care system 

    Pallikadavath, Saseendran; Singh, Abhishek; Ogollah, Reuben; Dean, Tara; Stones, William (2013-09) - Journal article
    This paper examines the extent of inequalities in human resource provision at India's Heath Sub-Centres (HSC)-first level of service provision in the public health system. 'Within state' inequality explained about 71% and ...
  • Identifying risk factors for progression to critical care admission and death among individuals with acute pancreatitis : a record linkage analysis of Scottish healthcare databases 

    Mole, Damian J.; Gungabissoon, Usha; Johnston, Philip; Cochrane, Lynda; Hopkins, Leanne; Wyper, Grant M. A.; Skouras, Christos; Dibben, Chris; Sullivan, Frank; Morris, Andrew; Ward, Hester J. T.; Lawton, Andrew M.; Donnan, Peter T. (2016-06-15) - Journal article
    Objectives : Acute pancreatitis (AP) can initiate systemic complications that require support in critical care (CC). Our objective was to use the unified national health record to define the epidemiology of AP in Scotland, ...
  • The impact of alcohol consumption on patterns of union formation in Russia 1998–2010 : an assessment using longitudinal data 

    Keenan, Katherine; Kenward, Michael G.; Grundy, Emily; Leon, David A. (2014) - Journal article
    Using data from the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey, 1998–2010, we investigated the extent to which patterns of alcohol consumption in Russia are associated with the subsequent likelihood of entry into cohabitation ...