Now showing items 50-69 of 325

  • Cosmogenic exposure age constraints on deglaciation and flow behaviour of a marine-based ice stream in western Scotland, 21–16 ka 

    Small, David; Benetti, Sara; Dove, Dayton; Ballantyne, Colin K.; Fabel, Derek; Clark, Chris D.; Gheorghiu, Delia M.; Newall, Jennifer; Xu, Sheng (2017-07-01) - Journal article
    Understanding how marine-based ice streams operated during episodes of deglaciation requires geochronological data that constrain both timing of deglaciation and changes in their flow behaviour, such as that from unconstrained ...
  • Counter-intuitive influence of Himalayan river morphodynamics on Indus Civilisation urban settlements 

    Singh, Ajit; Thomsen, Kristina J.; Sinha, Rajiv; Buylaert, Jan-Pieter; Carter, Andrew; Mark, Darren F.; Mason, Philippa J.; Densmore, Alexander L.; Murray, Andrew S.; Jain, Mayank; Paul, Debajyoti; Gupta, Sanjeev (2017-11-28) - Journal article
    Urbanism in the Bronze-age Indus Civilisation (~4.6–3.9 thousand years before the present, ka) has been linked to water resources provided by large Himalayan river systems, although the largest concentrations of urban-scale ...
  • Counting chirps : acoustic monitoring of cryptic frogs 

    Measey, G. John; Stevenson, Ben C.; Scott, Tanya; Altwegg, Res; Borchers, David L. (2017-06) - Journal article
    1 .  Global amphibian declines have resulted in a vital need for monitoring programmes that follow population trends. Monitoring using advertisement calls is ideal as choruses are undisturbed during data collection. However, ...
  • Coupled measurements of δ18O and δD of hydration water and salinity of fluid inclusions in gypsum from the Messinian Yesares Member, Sorbas Basin (SE Spain) 

    Evans, Nicholas P.; Turchyn, Alexandra V.; Gazquez Sanchez, Fernando; Bontognali, Tomaso R.R.; Chapman, Hazel J.; Hodell, David A. (2015-11-15) - Journal article
    We studied one cycle (Cycle 6) of gypsum-marl deposition from the Messinian Yesares Member in Sorbas Basin, Spain. The objective was to reconstruct the changing environment of deposition and its relation to astronomically-forced ...
  • Cultural traditions across a migratory network shape the genetic structure of southern right whales around Australia and New Zealand 

    Carroll, Emma Louise; Baker, C. Scott; Watson, Mandy; Alderman, Rachael; Bannister, John; Gaggiotti, Oscar Eduardo; Gröcke, Darren; Patenaude, Nathalie; Harcourt, Robert (2015-11-09) - Journal article
    Fidelity to migratory destinations is an important driver of connectivity in marine and avian species. Here we assess the role of maternally directed learning of migratory habitats, or migratory culture, on the population ...
  • Cyanobacterial endobionts within a major marine planktonic calcifier (Globigerina bulloides, Foraminifera) revealed by 16S rRNA metabarcoding 

    Bird, Clare; Darling, Kate F.; Russell, Ann D.; Davis, Catherine V.; Fehrenbacher, Jennifer; Free, Andrew; Wyman, Michael; Ngwenya, Bryne T. (2017-02-28) - Journal article
    We investigated the possibility of bacterial symbiosis in Globigerina bulloides, a palaeoceanographically important, planktonic foraminifer. This marine protist is commonly used in micropalaeontological investigations of ...
  • A data assimilation method for using low-resolution Earth observation data in heterogeneous ecosystems 

    Hill, T. C.; Quaife, T.; Williams, M. (2011-04-29) - Journal article
    We present an approach for dealing with coarse-resolution Earth observations (EO) in terrestrial ecosystem data assimilation schemes. The use of coarse-scale observations in ecological data assimilation schemes is complicated ...
  • Decadal-interdecadal climate variability over Antarctica and linkages to the Tropics : analysis of ice core, instrumental, and tropical proxy data 

    Okumura, Yuko; Schneider, David; Deser, Clara; Wilson, Rob (2012-11-01) - Journal article
    The Antarctic continent contains the majority of the global ice volume and plays an important role in a changing climate. The nature and causes of Antarctic climate variability are, however, poorly understood beyond ...
  • The DeepMIP contribution to PMIP4 : experimental design for model simulations of the EECO, PETM, and pre-PETM (version 1.0) 

    Lunt, Daniel J.; Huber, Matthew; Anagnostou, Eleni; Baatsen, Michiel L. J.; Caballero, Rodrigo; DeConto, Rob; Dijkstra, Henk A.; Donnadieu, Yannick; Evans, David; Feng, Ran; Foster, Gavin L.; Gasson, Ed; Von Der Heydt, Anna S.; Hollis, Chris J.; Inglis, Gordon N.; Jones, Stephen M.; Kiehl, Jeff; Turner, Sandy Kirtland; Korty, Robert L.; Kozdon, Reinhardt; Krishnan, Srinath; Ladant, Jean Baptiste; Langebroek, Petra; Lear, Caroline H.; LeGrande, Allegra N.; Littler, Kate; Markwick, Paul; Otto-Bliesner, Bette; Pearson, Paul; Poulsen, Christopher J.; Salzmann, Ulrich; Shields, Christine; Snell, Kathryn; Stärz, Michael; Super, James; Tabor, Clay; Tierney, Jessica E.; Tourte, Gregory J. L.; Tripati, Aradhna; Upchurch, Garland R.; Wade, Bridget S.; Wing, Scott L.; Winguth, Arne M. E.; Wright, Nicky M.; Zachos, James C.; Zeebe, Richard E. (2017-02-23) - Journal article
    Past warm periods provide an opportunity to evaluate climate models under extreme forcing scenarios, in particular high (> 800ppmv) atmospheric CO2 concentrations. Although a post hoc intercomparison of Eocene (∼ 50 Ma) ...
  • Defects in sodalite-group minerals determined from X-ray-induced luminescence 

    Finch, Adrian Anthony; Mortensen, Henrik Friis; Maghrabi, Mufeed (2016-07) - Journal article
    The luminescence spectra of a suite of natural sodium framework silicates including four different sodalite variants and tugtupite have been collected during X-ray irradiation as a function of temperature between 20 and ...
  • Defining and evaluating the impact of cross-disciplinary conservation research 

    Evely, Anna C.; Fazey, Ioan; Lambin, Xavier; Lambert, Emily; Allen, Sarah; Pinard, Michelle (2010-12) - Journal article
    Cross-disciplinary research is advocated as a way of improving understanding of the complexity of environmental problems; cross-disciplinary projects, centres and academic institutes have increased. However, there is ...
  • Demography and ecology of southern right whales Eubalaena australis wintering at sub-Antarctic Campbell Island, New Zealand 

    Torres, Leigh; Rayment, Will; Olavarria, Carlos; Thompson, David; Graham, Brittany; Baker, C. Scott; Patenaude, Nathalie; Bury, Sarah Jane; Boren, Laura; Parker, Graham; Carroll, Emma Louise (2017-01) - Journal article
    Since the decimation of the southern right whale Eubalaena australis population in New Zealand by whaling, research on its recovery has focused on the wintering ground at the Auckland Islands, neglecting potentially important ...
  • Detection and removal of disturbance trends in tree-ring series for dendroclimatology 

    Rydval, Miloš; Druckenbrod, Daniel; Anchukaitis, Kevin J.; Wilson, Rob (2016-03) - Journal article
    Nonclimatic disturbance events are an integral element in the history of forests. Although the identification of the occurrence and duration of such events may help to understand environmental history and landscape change, ...
  • Diamonds from Dachine, French Guiana : a unique record of Early Proterozoic subduction 

    Smith, Chris B.; Walter, Michael J.; Bulanova, Galina P.; Mikhail, Sami; Burnham, Antony D.; Gobbo, Luiz; Kohn, Simon C. (2016-11-15) - Journal article
    Diamonds from Dachine, French Guiana, are unique among worldwide diamond populations. The diamonds were transported to the surface in an unusual ultramafic extrusive magma with an affinity to boninite or komatiite, which ...
  • Digitally enhanced community rescue archaeology 

    Dawson, Tom; Oliver, Iain Angus; Miller, Alan Henry David; Vermehren, Anna; Kennedy, Sarah Elizabeth (IEEE, 2013-10) - Conference item
    Coastal erosion is causing the destruction of archaeological sites around the world. The problem is particularly grave in Scotland, where storms can cause many meters of land to be lost in a single event. Archaeological ...
  • Discoveries from La Manche : five years of early prehistoric research in the Channel Island of Jersey 

    Pope, Matthew; Scott, Beccy; Mills, Josie; Bates, Martin; Bates, Charles Richard; Blinkhorn, Edward; Conneller, Chantal; Duffy, Sarah; Julien, Marie-Anne; Ravon, Anne-Lyse; Shaw, Andrew (2015-11-16) - Journal article
    Since 2010 a new field project drawn from major UK institutions including the UCL Institute of Archaeology, has focused research on the Palaeolithic and Mesolithic record of the Channel Island of Jersey. In this retrospective ...
  • Distance sampling detection functions : 2D or not 2D? 

    Borchers, David Louis; Cox, Martin James (2017-06-15) - Journal article
    Conventional distance sampling (CDS) methods assume that animals are uniformly distributed in the vicinity of lines or points. But when animals move in response to observers before detection, or when lines or points are ...
  • The distribution and amount of carbon in the largest peatland complex in Amazonia 

    Draper, Frederick; Roucoux, Katherine Helen; Lawson, Ian Thomas; Mitchard, Edward; Honorio Coronado, Euridice; Lahteenoja, Outi; Torres Montenegro, Luis; Valderrama Sandoval, Elvis; Zarate, Ricardo; Baker, Timothy (2014-12) - Journal article
    Peatlands in Amazonian Peru are known to store large quantities of carbon, but there is high uncertainty in the spatial extent and total carbon stocks of these ecosystems. Here, we use a multi-sensor (Landsat, ALOS PALSAR ...
  • Do species conservation assessments capture genetic diversity? 

    Rivers, Malin Cecilia; Brummitt, Neil; Nic Lughadha, Eimear; Meagher, Thomas Robert (2014-12) - Journal article
    The best known system for classifying threat status of species, the IUCN Red List, currently lacks explicit considerations of genetic diversity, and consequently may not account for potential adaptation of species to future ...
  • Do we care about sustainability? An analysis of time sensitivity of social preferences under environmental time-persistent effects 

    Faccioli, Michela; Hanley, Nick; Torres, Cati; Font, Antoni Riera (2016-07-15) - Journal article
    Environmental cost-benefit analysis has traditionally assumed that the value of benefits is sensitive to their timing and that outcomes are valued higher, the sooner in time they occur following implementation of a project ...