Now showing items 23-42 of 214

  • Changes in women's facial skin color over the ovulatory cycle are not detectable by the human visual system 

    Burriss, Robert P.; Troscianko, Jolyon; Lovell, P. George; Fulford, Anthony J. C.; Stevens, Martin; Quigley, Rachael; Payne, Jenny; Saxton, Tamsin K.; Rowland, Hannah M. (2015-07-02) - Journal article
    Human ovulation is not advertised, as it is in several primate species, by conspicuous sexual swellings. However, there is increasing evidence that the attractiveness of women's body odor, voice, and facial appearance peak ...
  • Characterizing Visual Attention during Driving and Non-driving Hazard Perception Tasks 

    MacKenzie, Andrew Kerr; Harris, Julie (ACM siggraph, 2014-03-26) - Conference item
    Research into driving skill, particularly of hazard perception, often involves studies where participants either view pictures of driving scenarios or use movie viewing paradigms. However oculomotor strategies tend to ...
  • Children draw more affiliative pictures following priming with third-party ostracism 

    Song, Ruiting; Over, Harriet; Carpenter, Malinda (2015-06) - Journal article
    Humans have a strong need to belong. Thus, when signs of ostracism are detected, adults often feel motivated to affiliate with others in order to re-establish their social connections. This study investigated the importance ...
  • Chimpanzee accumulative stone throwing 

    Kühl, Hjalmar S.; Kalan, Ammie K.; Arandjelovic, Mimi; Aubert, Floris; D’Auvergne, Lucy; Goedmakers, Annemarie; Jones, Sorrel; Kehoe, Laura; Regnaut, Sebastien; Tickle, Alexander; Ton, Els; van Schijndel, Joost; Abwe, Ekwoge E.; Angedakin, Samuel; Agbor, Anthony; Ayimisin, Emmanuel Ayuk; Bailey, Emma; Bessone, Mattia; Bonnet, Matthieu; Brazolla, Gregory; Buh, Valentine Ebua; Chancellor, Rebecca; Cipoletta, Chloe; Cohen, Heather; Corogenes, Katherine; Coupland, Charlotte; Curran, Bryan; Deschner, Tobias; Dierks, Karsten; Dieguez, Paula; Dilambaka, Emmanuel; Diotoh, Orume; Dowd, Dervla; Dunn, Andrew; Eshuis, Henk; Fernandez, Rumen; Ginath, Yisa; Hart, John; Hedwig, Daniela; Ter Heegde, Martijn; Hicks, Thurston Cleveland; Imong, Inaoyom; Jeffery, Kathryn J.; Junker, Jessica; Kadam, Parag; Kambi, Mohamed; Kienast, Ivonne; Kujirakwinja, Deo; Langergraber, Kevin; Lapeyre, Vincent; Lapuente, Juan; Lee, Kevin; Leinert, Vera; Meier, Amelia; Maretti, Giovanna; Marrocoli, Sergio; Mbi, Tanyi Julius; Mihindou, Vianet; Moebius, Yasmin; Morgan, David; Morgan, Bethan; Mulindahabi, Felix; Murai, Mizuki; Niyigabae, Protais; Normand, Emma; Ntare, Nicolas; Ormsby, Lucy Jayne; Piel, Alex; Pruetz, Jill; Rundus, Aaron; Sanz, Crickette; Sommer, Volker; Stewart, Fiona; Tagg, Nikki; Vanleeuwe, Hilde; Vergnes, Virginie; Willie, Jacob; Wittig, Roman Martin; Zuberbuehler, Klaus; Boesch, Christophe (2016-02-29) - Journal article
    The study of the archaeological remains of fossil hominins must rely on reconstructions to elucidate the behaviour that may have resulted in particular stone tools and their accumulation. Comparatively, stone tool use among ...
  • Chimpanzee lip-smacking facilitates cooperative behaviour 

    Fedurek, Pawel; Slocombe, Katie; Hartel, Jessica A.; Zuberbuehler, Klaus (2015-08-21) - Journal article
    Signalling plays an important role in facilitating and maintaining affiliative or cooperative interactions in social animals. Social grooming in primates is an example of an interaction that requires coordination between ...
  • Chimpanzees copy dominant and knowledgeable individuals : implications for cultural diversity 

    Kendal, R.; Hopper, L.M.; Whiten, A.; Brosnan, S.F.; Lambeth, S.P.; Schapiro, S.J.; Hoppitt, W. (2015-01) - Journal article
    Evolutionary theory predicts that natural selection will fashion cognitive biases to guide when, and from whom, individuals acquire social information, but the precise nature of these biases, especially in ecologically ...
  • Citizen science as a new tool in dog cognition research 

    Stewart, Laughlin; MacLean, Evan L.; Ivy, David; Woods, Vanessa; Cohen, Eliot; Rodriguez, Kerri; McIntyre, Matthew; Mukherjee, Sayan; Call, Josep; Kaminski, Juliane; Miklosi, Adam; Wrangham, Richard W.; Hare, Brian (2015-09-16) - Journal article
    Family dogs and dog owners offer a potentially powerful way to conduct citizen science to answer questions about animal behavior that are difficult to answer with more conventional approaches. Here we evaluate the quality ...
  • A claw is like my hand : comparison supports goal analysis in infants 

    Gerson, Sarah; Woodward, Amanda (2012-02) - Journal article
    Understanding the intentional relations in others’ actions is critical to human social life. Origins of this knowledge exist in the first year and are a function of both acting as an intentional agent and observing movement ...
  • COBALT: Challenging obstacles and barriers to assistive living technologies 

    Astell, Arlene Jean; Williams, E. A.; Hwang, F.; Norton, M.; Adlam, T.; Lethbridge, K.; Wright, D.; Harney-Levine, S.; Ellis, Maggie (2012) - Journal item
  • A cognitive prosthesis and communication support for people with dementia 

    Alm, N; Astell, Arlene Jean; Ellis, Maggie; Dye, R; Gowans, G; Campbell, J (2004-03) - Journal article
    Computers may have the potential to augment human cognitive processes in ways that could be beneficial for people with dementia. This possibility is being investigated by a multidisciplinary team. Previous work on improving ...
  • Commentary: Fairness is intuitive 

    Myrseth, Kristian Ove; Wollbrant, Conny E. (2016-05-09) - Journal item
    Cappelen et al. (2015) show that ‘fair’ decisions are quicker than are ‘selfish’ decisions. On this basis, they infer that fairness is ‘intuitive’. We argue that they commit a reverse inference fallacy. One might argue ...
  • Common visual preference for curved contours in humans and great apes 

    Munar, Enric; Gomez-Puerto, Gerardo; Call, Josep; Nadal, Marcos (2015-11-11) - Journal article
    Among the visual preferences that guide many everyday activities and decisions, from consumer choices to social judgment, preference for curved over sharp-angled contours is commonly thought to have played an adaptive role ...
  • Comparing motion induction in lateral motion and motion in depth 

    Harris, Julie; German, KJ (2008-02) - Journal article
    Induced motion, the apparent motion of an object when a nearby object moves, has been shown to occur in a variety of different conditions, including motion in depth. Here we explore whether similar patterns of induced ...
  • Complex patterns of signalling to convey different social goals of sex in bonobos, Pan paniscus 

    Genty, Emilie; Neumann, Christof; Zuberbuehler, Klaus (2015-11-05) - Journal article
    Sexual behaviour in bonobos (Pan paniscus) functions beyond mere reproduction to mediate social interactions and relationships. In this study, we assessed the signalling behaviour in relation to four social goals of sex ...
  • The confirmability and disconfirmability of trait concepts revisited : does content matter? 

    Tausch, Nicole; Kenworthy, Jared B.; Hewstone, Miles (2007-03) - Journal article
    M. Rothbart and B. Park (1986) demonstrated that, consistent with the common negativity bias, positive traits are difficult to confirm and easy to disconfirm, whereas the opposite is true for negative traits. This article ...
  • Contesting the “nature” of conformity : what Milgram and Zimbardo's studies really show 

    Haslam, Alexander; Reicher, Stephen David (2012-11-20) - Journal article
    Understanding of the psychology of tyranny is dominated by classic studies from the 1960s and 1970s: Milgram's research on obedience to authority and Zimbardo's Stanford Prison Experiment. Supporting popular notions of the ...
  • Contextual effects of intergroup contact on outgroup prejudice 

    Christ, Oliver; Schmid, Katharina; Lolliot, Simon; Swart, Hermann; Stolle, Dietlind; Tausch, Nicole; Al-Ramiah, Ananthi; Wagner, Ulrich; Vertovec, Steven; Hewstone, Miles (2014-03-18) - Journal article
    We assessed evidence for a contextual effect of positive intergroup contact, whereby the effect of intergroup contact between social contexts (the between-level effect) on outgroup prejudice is greater than the effect of ...
  • Cross-cultural agreement in facial attractiveness preferences : the role of ethnicity and gender 

    Coetzee, Vinet; Greeff, Jaco M.; Stephen, Ian D.; Perrett, David I. (2014-07-02) - Journal article
    Previous work showed high agreement in facial attractiveness preferences within and across cultures. The aims of the current study were twofold. First, we tested cross-cultural agreement in the attractiveness judgements ...
  • Cross-cultural perception of trustworthiness : the effect of ethnicity features on evaluation of faces' observed trustworthiness across four samples 

    Birkas, Bela; Dzhelyova, Milena; Labadi, Beatrix; Bereczkei, Tamas; Perrett, David Ian (2014-06) - Journal article
    People are able to recognize faces from their own ethnic group more easily than faces from other ethnicities. Ethnicity information also easily activates perceptual biases; therefore, the goal of the present study was to ...
  • Cross-species variation in gaze following and conspecific preference among great apes, human infants and adults 

    Kano, Fumihiro; Call, Josep (2014-05) - Journal article
    Although previous studies have shown that many species follow gaze, few have directly compared closely related species, and thus its cross-species variation remains largely unclear. In this study, we compared three great ...