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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10023/967
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The Segur Reform of the French Army _Bien_.pdfPDF version580.99 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
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Title: Caste, class and profession in old regime France: the French army and the Ségur reform of 1781
Authors: Bien, David D.
Smith, Jay M.
Blaufarb, R.
Editors: Rowlands, Guy
Issue Date: 2010
Citation: Bien, D. D., Smith, J. M. and Blaufarb, R. (2010). Caste, class and profession in old regime France: the French army and the Ségur reform of 1781. St Andrews Studies in French History and Culture, no. 2. Centre for French History and Culture of the University of St Andrews.
Abstract: First published in French in 1974, David D. Bien’s essay on the nature of nobility in old regime France pivoted around the 1781 “Ségur regulation” that required four generations of nobility for most officers entering the army. Once seen as a classic manifestation of the so-called “aristocratic reaction” against commoners, the loi Ségur, in Bien’s deft analysis, instead emerges as a telling sign of tensions within an increasingly divided nobility. While exploding crude myths about class conflict and its causative role in the Revolution, Bien mounts a strong case for viewing eighteenth-century social tensions as the product of professional identity as much as social class. This study is presented here for the first time in English with a short preface by Rafe Blaufarb, and a wide-ranging introduction by Jay M. Smith that places Bien’s work in the wider context of historical thinking over the past half-century on the origins of the French Revolution.
Version: Publisher PDF
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10023/967
ISBN: 978-1-907548-02-4
978-1-907548-03-1
Type: Book
Rights: This book is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements, no reproduction of any part may take place without the written permission of the Centre for French History and Culture.
Publication Status: Published
Status: Peer reviewed
Publisher: Centre for French History and Culture of the University of St Andrews
Appears in Collections:St Andrews Studies in French History and Culture



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