Research@StAndrews
 
The University of St Andrews

Research@StAndrews:FullText >
Chemistry (School of) >
Chemistry >
Chemistry Theses >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10023/866
This item has been viewed 21 times in the last year. View Statistics

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
Pitak Nasomjai PhD thesis.pdf5.8 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
Title: Molecular probes for the evaluation of three isomerase enzyme mechanisms in secondary metabolism
Authors: Nasomjai, Pitak
Supervisors: O'Hagan, David, 1961-
Keywords: Isomerisation
Alkaloid
Cytochrome P450
Fluorometabolite
5-fluoro-5-deoxyribulose-1-phosphate
Phostone
2-C-methylerythitol-phophate-2-phosphate
Issue Date: 2010
Abstract: This thesis is focused on an investigation of the mechanisms of three enzymatically mediated carbon skeleton isomerisation reactions. Chapter 1 provides an overview of some representative examples of the carbon skeleton rearrangement reactions in enzymology. Chapter 2 describes the preparation and use of fluorolittorines to explore the mechanism of the rearrangement of the tropane alkaloid littorine to hyoscyamine which is a reaction mediated by the cytochrome P450 enzyme. Chapter 3 describes the synthesis of D-ribose-1-phosphonates and the cyclic phosphonates (phostone) that are candidate inhibitors of the enzymatic isomerisation of 5-fluoro-5-deoxy-ribose-1-phosphate (5-FDRP) to 5-fluoro-5-deoxy-ribulose-1-phosphate (5-FDRulP), an important step in fluorometabolite biosynthesis pathway in Streptomyces cattleya. Chapter 4 describes the synthesis of 5-hydroxy-3,4-dioxohexylphosphonate and [5-13C]-5-hydroxy-3,4-dioxohexylphosphonate. These compounds are proposed as candidates for the transition state of the retro-aldol/aldol mechanism of the enzymatic isomerisation of 1-deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate (DXP) to 2-C-methylerythitol-phophate-2-phosphate (MEP) in the biosynthesis of isopentenyl pyrophosphate (IPP) and dimethylallyl pyrophosphate (DMAPP). The influence of pH on tautomerisation of [5-13C]-5-hydroxy-3,4-dioxohexylphosphonate is also described. Chapter 5 describes the general chemical and biochemical methodologies utilised in this research project.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10023/866
Type: Thesis
Publisher: University of St Andrews
Appears in Collections:Chemistry Theses



This item is protected by original copyright

This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License
Creative Commons

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

 

DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2012  Duraspace - Feedback
For help contact: Digital-Repository@st-andrews.ac.uk | Copyright for this page belongs to St Andrews University Library | Terms and Conditions (Cookies)