Research@StAndrews
 
The University of St Andrews

Research@StAndrews:FullText >
Geography & Geosciences (School of) >
Geography & Geosciences >
Geography & Geosciences Theses >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10023/454
This item has been viewed 205 times in the last year. View Statistics

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
M+Francis-Chizororo+PhD+thesis.pdf2.42 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
Title: The formation, constitution and social dynamics of orphaned child headed households in rural Zimbabwe in the era of HIV/AIDS pandemic
Authors: Francis-Chizororo, Monica
Supervisors: Kesby, Michael
Stuttaford, Maria
Keywords: Orphans
Vulnerable children
Child headed households
HIV/AIDS
Childhoods
Issue Date: 24-Jun-2008
Abstract: This thesis focuses on children who have lost both parents and are currently living on their own as child headed households (CHHs) in a rural community in Zimbabwe. Children heading households and taking care of siblings is a very “un-childlike” behaviour yet these are growing phenomena. Through an exploration of how CHHs are constituted and evolve the thesis aims to examine whether local constructions of childhood are being (re) conceptualised as a result of Zimbabwe’s escalating HIV/AIDS crisis. In particular it examines whether the socialisation of children within ‘child only’ units is leading to social transformation and/or whether children are in some way attempting to mimic ‘normal’ family/gender relations. It also looks at CHH’s interactions with adults and explores how these affect survival strategies, socialisation and conceptualisations of childhood. This thesis draws on an intensive ethnographic research project with five CHHs and their siblings in a rural community in Zimbabwe. Participant observation, narratives, drama, essays, focus groups, conversations and participatory techniques were employed to gain an in-depth insight into household evolution, the socialisation of family members, gender roles and survival strategies. The thesis shows that while children living in CHHs are vulnerable, they exhibited considerable competence and capabilities to sustain themselves. However, state and non-governmental organisations’ definition of childhood and orphanhood on the other hand, and cultural and local understanding of childhood and orphanhood produce new conceptual struggles of childhood that impacts negatively on the CHHs’ integration into society and their capacity to function fully. The ambivalent position of orphaned children in CHHs needs to be addressed if CHHs are to be recognised as an alternative orphan care arrangement.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10023/454
Type: Thesis
Publisher: University of St Andrews
Appears in Collections:Geography & Geosciences Theses



This item is protected by original copyright

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

 

DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2012  Duraspace - Feedback
For help contact: Digital-Repository@st-andrews.ac.uk | Copyright for this page belongs to St Andrews University Library | Terms and Conditions (Cookies)