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Title:  Finite and infinite ergodic theory for linear and conformal dynamical systems 
Authors:  Munday, Sara 
Supervisors:  Stratmann, Bernd Mitchell, James David 
Issue Date:  30Nov2011 
Abstract:  The first main topic of this thesis is the thorough analysis of two families of piecewise linear
maps on the unit interval, the αLüroth and αFarey maps. Here, α denotes a countably infinite
partition of the unit interval whose atoms only accumulate at the origin. The basic properties
of these maps will be developed, including that each αLüroth map (denoted Lα) gives rise to a
series expansion of real numbers in [0,1], a certain type of Generalised Lüroth Series. The first
example of such an expansion was given by Lüroth. The map Lα is the jump transformation
of the corresponding αFarey map Fα. The maps Lα and Fα share the same relationship as the
classical Farey and Gauss maps which give rise to the continued fraction expansion of a real
number. We also consider the topological properties of Fα and some Diophantinetype sets of
numbers expressed in terms of the αLüroth expansion.
Next we investigate certain ergodictheoretic properties of the maps Lα and Fα. It will turn
out that the Lebesgue measure λ is invariant for every map Lα and that there exists a unique
Lebesgueabsolutely continuous invariant measure for Fα. We will give a precise expression for
the density of this measure. Our main result is that both Lα and Fα are exact, and thus ergodic.
The interest in the invariant measure for Fα lies in the fact that under a particular condition on
the underlying partition α, the invariant measure associated to the map Fα is infinite.
Then we proceed to introduce and examine the sequence of αsumlevel sets arising from
the αLüroth map, for an arbitrary given partition α. These sets can be written dynamically in
terms of Fα. The main result concerning the αsumlevel sets is to establish weak and strong
renewal laws. Note that for the Farey map and the Gauss map, the analogue of this result has
been obtained by Kesseböhmer and Stratmann. There the results were derived by using advanced
infinite ergodic theory, rather than the strong renewal theorems employed here. This underlines
the fact that one of the main ingredients of infinite ergodic theory is provided by some delicate
estimates in renewal theory.
Our final main result concerning the αLüroth and αFarey systems is to provide a fractalgeometric
description of the Lyapunov spectra associated with each of the maps Lα and Fα.
The Lyapunov spectra for the Farey map and the Gauss map have been investigated in detail by
Kesseböhmer and Stratmann. The Farey map and the Gauss map are nonlinear, whereas the
systems we consider are always piecewise linear. However, since our analysis is based on a large
family of different partitions of U , the class of maps which we consider in this paper allows us
to detect a variety of interesting new phenomena, including that of phase transitions.
Finally, we come to the conformal systems of the title. These are the limit sets of discrete
subgroups of the group of isometries of the hyperbolic plane. For these socalled Fuchsian
groups, our first main result is to establish the Hausdorff dimension of some Diophantinetype
sets contained in the limit set that are similar to those considered for the maps Lα. These sets
are then used in our second main result to analyse the more geometrically defined strictJarník
limit set of a Fuchsian group. Finally, we obtain a “weak multifractal spectrum” for the Patterson
measure associated to the Fuchsian group. 
URI:  http://hdl.handle.net/10023/3220 
Type:  Thesis 
Publisher:  University of St Andrews 
Appears in Collections:  Statistics Theses Applied Mathematics Theses

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