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|Title: ||Crown-magnate relations in the personal rule of James I of Scotland (1424-1437)|
|Authors: ||Brown, Michael H.|
|Supervisors: ||Macdougall, Norman|
|Issue Date: ||1992|
|Abstract: ||This thesis is a study of the relations between James I and his
most important landed subjects during the thirteen years of his
personal reign. The King's active and aggressive approach to
monarchy contrasted with the political experiences of the Scottish
nobility in the fifty years before 1424. The analysis of this
attempt to impose strong kingship in a situation where strong
kingship had not been the norm is the most important theme of the
thesis. Such an analysis can only be undertaken by establishing the
ambitions and activities of the King and his chief subjects at both
national and local levels.
The first chapter deals with the political community in 1423-4
and the evidence of their preparations for James', release from
England. The immediate effects of James' return are studied in
detail, especially his relations with the Earls of Mar, Douglas,
Atholl, March and Angus in the first year of the reign. However, the
main emphasis of the opening chapters is on the King's dealings with
the Albany Stewarts, beginning with the piecemeal round-up of Walter
Stewart and his allies and then the gradual establishment of
sufficient support for James to launch a general attack on Albany and
Chapter Four deals with the results of Albany's removal for
James' position within Scotland. The expansion of royal authority is
considered in the ex-Albany Stewart lands and with regard to James'
relations with the major surviving magnates, Douglas, Mar and Atholl.
The varied fortunes of these three earls indicate the extent and
limitations of the King's authority following his initial successes.
This is also an important theme in the chapters dealing with the
middle section of the reign between 1428 and 1431. This period is
dominated by the attack on the Lord of the Isles and the effects of
the King's ambitions in the north on the lowland political community.
The apparent successes of James in both areas, and the connection
between the collapse of his northern plans and the growing
difficulties in his relations with the political community are
analysed. The effect of the setback which James experienced in 1431,
on royal policy is studied by considering the King's aims in the
1430s, and especially his interventions in Mar and March.
The final chapter deals with the motives for James'
assassination and the circumstances and immediate aftermath of the
murder. As with the rest of the reign, this is best understood in
terms of magnate affinities and ambitions and the areas in which such
ambitions came into conflict with those of the King.|
|Publisher: ||University of St Andrews|
|Appears in Collections:||Scottish History Theses|
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