Research@StAndrews
 
The University of St Andrews

Research@StAndrews:FullText >
Chemistry (School of) >
Chemistry >
Chemistry Theses >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10023/1716
This item has been viewed 84 times in the last year. View Statistics

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
ChamnanRandornPhDThesis.pdf8.82 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
Title: Synthesis and characterisation of materials for photoelectrochemical applications
Authors: Randorn, Chamnan
Supervisors: Irvine, John T. S.
Issue Date: 2010
Abstract: The preparation of visible light driven photocatalysts for photocatalytic water splitting has been achieved by a CO₂ free, low cost and simple novel method. Combination of peroxide based route with organic free solvent and titanium nitride, carbon free precursor and air and moisture stable, would be useful. Clear red-brown solution of titanium peroxo species was obtained by dissolution of TiN in H₂O₂ and HNO₃ acid at room temperature without stirring. The resultant red brown solution is then used as a titanium solution precursor for yellow amorphous and yellow crystalline TiO₂ synthesis. Visible light photoactivity of the samples was evaluated by photooxidation of methylene blue and photoreduction producing hydrogen from water splitting. The high surface area of yellow amorphous TiO₂ exhibits an interesting property of being both surface adsorbent and photoactive under visible light for photodecolourisation of aqueous solution of methylene blue. However, it might not appropriate for hydrogen production. Nanoparticulate yellow crystalline TiO₂ with defect disorder of Ti³⁺ and oxygen vacancies depending upon synthesis conditions has been characterised by ESR, XPS, CHN analysis and SQUID. Single phase rutile can be produced at low temperature. It is stable at high temperature and the red shift of absorption edge increases with the treatment temperature. Yellow crystalline TiO₂ exhibits an interesting property of being photoactive under visible light. The best photocatalytic performance was observed for 600°C calcination, probably reflecting a compromise between red shift and surface area with changing temperature. Moreover, overall water splitting into hydrogen and oxygen might be obtained by using this material even in air atmosphere. Photoactivity can be improved by testing under anaerobic atmosphere and/or adding sacrificial agent. Quantum efficiency under visible light is still low but comparable to other reports. The maximum efficiency varies from 0.03 % to 0.37 % for hydrogen production and from 0.03 % to 0.12 % for oxygen production, depending on photon energy and sacrificial agents.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10023/1716
Type: Thesis
Publisher: University of St Andrews
Appears in Collections:Chemistry Theses



This item is protected by original copyright

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

 

DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2012  Duraspace - Feedback
For help contact: Digital-Repository@st-andrews.ac.uk | Copyright for this page belongs to St Andrews University Library | Terms and Conditions (Cookies)